The Recovery and Resilience Facility

The Recovery and Resilience Facility (the Facility) will make €672.5 billion in loans and grants available to support reforms and investments undertaken by Member States. The aim is to mitigate the economic and social impact of the coronavirus pandemic and make European economies and societies more sustainable, resilient and better prepared for the challenges and opportunities of the green and digital transitions.

Financial support to both public investments and reforms

By offering large-scale financial support for investment and reforms, the Facility will better prepare Member States for a sustainable recovery.

The RRF entered into force on 19 February 2021.

Readying Europe for the future – the Recovery and Resilience Facility

The Facility and NextGenerationEU

The Facility is the centrepiece of NextGenerationEU, a temporary recovery instrument that allows the Commission to raise funds to help repair the immediate economic and social damage brought about by the coronavirus pandemic. The Facility is also closely aligned with the Commission’s priorities ensuring in the long-term a sustainable and inclusive recovery that promotes the green and digital transitions.

National recovery and resilience plans

Member States are in the process of preparing their recovery and resilience plans that set out a coherent package of reforms and public investment projects. To benefit from the support of the Facility, these reforms and investments should be implemented by 2026.

The link below will guide you to the Member States' websites. For some Member States further information is not yet available, for others the links contain the draft plans or useful information shared with the stakeholders.

flag Austria Austria

flag Belgium  Belgium
flag Bulgaria Bulgaria
flag Croatia Croatia
flag Cyprus Cyprus
flag Czechia Czechia
flag Denmark  Denmark
flag Estonia  Estonia
flag Finland Finland
flag France  France
flag Germany Germany
flag Greece Greece
flag Hungary Hungary
flag Ireland Ireland
flag Italy Italy
flag Latvia  Latvia
Lithuania Lithuania
flag Luxembourg  Luxembourg
flag Malta  Malta
flag Netherlands  Netherlands
flag Poland  Poland
flag Portugal Portugal
flag Romania Romania
flag Slovakia Slovakia
flag Slovenia Slovenia
flag Spain  Spain
flag Sweden Sweden

The plans should effectively address challenges identified in the European Semester, particularly the country-specific recommendations adopted by the Council. The plans should also include measures to address the challenges and reap the benefits of the green and digital transitions.

Each plan is expected to contribute to the four dimensions outlined in the 2021 Annual Sustainable Growth Strategy, which launched this year's European Semester cycle.

  • Environmental sustainability
  • Productivity
  • Fairness
  • Macroeconomic stability

The Facility is an opportunity to create European flagship areas for investments and reforms with tangible benefits for the economy and citizens across the EU. These should address issues that need significant investment to create jobs and growth, and which are needed for the green and digital transitions. The Commission strongly encourages Member States to put forward investment and reform plans in the following areas:

Flagship areas for investments and reforms

Green and digital priorities

The Recovery and Resilience Facility offers an unprecedented opportunity to speed up the recovery in Europe and reinforce the commitment to the twin transitions: green and digital.  The Commission will assess the national plans against the following targets:

RRF green and digital


Europèan Semester Timeline

The European Semester and the Recovery and Resilience Facility are intrinsically linked. The publication of the 2021 Annual Sustainable Growth Strategy launched this year's European Semester. It continues last year’s growth strategy based on the European Green Deal and the concept of competitive sustainability.

The Commission will assess recovery and resilience plans against the country-specific recommendations. As the European Semester and the Facility will overlap, it is necessary to temporarily adapt the European Semester.

Member States are therefore encouraged to submit their national reform programmes and their recovery and resilience plans in a single integrated document, which will provide an overview of the reforms and investments that the Member State plan to undertake in the coming years, in line with the objectives of the Facility.

The Recovery and Resilience Task Force

The Recovery and Resilience Task Force (RECOVER) was established on 16 August 2020 within the European Commission’s Secretariat-General. RECOVER is responsible for steering the implementation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility and for coordinating the European Semester, in close cooperation with the Commission’s Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs. RECOVER reports to Commission President Ursula von der Leyen.

Example of component of reforms and investments



Commission welcomes European Parliament's approval of Recovery and Resilience Facility