Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI)

  Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector)
EU member states ZIP
Candidate countries ZIP

Industry / Business Climate Indicator (BCI)

  Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Seasonally Adjusted Data (MIG)
EU member states ZIP ZIP ZIP
Candidate countries ZIP ZIP ZIP

Services sector

  Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector
EU member states ZIP ZIP
Candidate countries ZIP ZIP

Consumers

  Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Categories Inflation perceptions (n.s.a. data)
EU member states ZIP ZIP ZIP ZIP
Candidate countries ZIP ZIP ZIP ZIP

Retail trade

  Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector)
EU member states ZIP ZIP
Candidate countries ZIP ZIP

Construction

  Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector)
EU member states ZIP ZIP
Candidate countries ZIP ZIP

All surveys

  Seasonally Adjusted Data Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data
EU member states and candidate countries ZIP ZIP

Financial services

  Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data (total sector) Subsectors (s.a. data) Subsectors (n.s.a. data)
EU member states - ZIP - ZIP

Investment survey

  Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data
EU member states ZIP

Detailed data by answer category (totals)

  Non-Seasonally Adjusted Data
EU member states ZIP

World Economic Survey (WES): quarterly survey published by the IFO Institute in February, May, August and November www.cesifo.de/wes

Country weights: these are the country weights for all the surveys referred to in the methodological User Guide.

NACE classification

Note: Since May 2010, DG ECFIN publishes business survey data according to the new NACE rev.2 classification, which became compulsory for all statistics classified according to economic activities produced by the Commission or Member States (EC Regulation No 1893/2006). NACE (Nomenclature of Economic Activities) is the European statistical classification of economic activities.

Partner institutes in the Joint Harmonised Business and Consumer Surveys have been invited to provide DG ECFIN with long NACE rev.2 series. This has implied a process of back-casting to transform the historic NACE rev.1.1 series into NACE rev.2 series. The Commission has carried out an in-depth process of evaluation and statistical treatment of part of the back-cast series sent by partner institutes. This validation has covered the aggregate level (i.e. "total sector") and, in the case of the industry survey, the Main Industrial Grouping (MIG) level (i.e. consumer goods, intermediate goods, investment goods, etc). Methodological details related to the validation process are also available.

The results are NACE rev.2 series that are (i) continuous (i.e. without spurious breaks due to changes in nomenclature) and (ii) as long as possible. These consistent time series are accessible from DG ECFIN's validated database. Given that the financial services survey is not affected by the change to NACE rev.2, the database also contains subsector data for that survey. Moreover, it contains breakdowns of the consumer survey results with respect to respondents' age, occupation, income, etc. ('categories').

Subsector data

Subsector level data (i.e. the divisions of NACE rev.2 at the 2-digit level, e.g. "Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products") for the industry, services, retail trade, construction and investment surveys are available. As these series have not undergone a full validation process, their use and interpretation deserve more caution.

Archive

A third database contains archived time series (until April 2010); including i) the former NACE rev.1.1 business survey series; and ii) NACE rev.2 series at aggregate level, as originally provided by our partner institutes.

Press releases

Latest press releases