UK nationals’ residence rights in the EU27

Member States have prepared or adopted national contingency measures to ensure that UK nationals and their non-EU family members could remain legally resident in the immediate period after a no-deal withdrawal. To provide further clarity on the situation, the Commission, based on the information provided by the EU27 Member States, makes available an overview table and a Q&A on UK nationals’ residency rights in each of the EU27 Member States.  

Please note that the information provided does not reflect the official opinion of the Commission. Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies entirely with the relevant national authorities of the Member States who are the first contact point for UK nationals. Please also note that the situation keeps evolving, so check regularly for the latest information and news at the listed national websites.

The Commission will continue to update the information on this webpage with the latest input from the EU27 Member States.

Q&A on residency rights:

Belgium - Bulgaria - Czech Republic - Denmark - Germany - Estonia - Ireland - Greece - Spain - France - Croatia - Italy - Cyprus - Latvia - Lithuania - Luxembourg - Hungary - Malta - Netherlands - Austria - Poland - Portugal - Romania - Slovenia - Slovakia - Finland - Sweden

Belgium

I am a UK national living in Belgium. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Belgium will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 31 December 2020. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31 December 2020. After 31 December 2020, you will have to apply for a new residence permit. A decision has not yet been taken whether you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the applicable immigration rules for residence of third country nationals or according to new specific rules that will be in place by that time.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the Brexit date. For information on the application process, please visit this website http://dofi.ibz.be.

c) You will be kept informed by the Immigration Office on your situation.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Belgium, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Belgium for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?    

After Brexit date, you will keep your rights during the transition period until the 31 December 2020, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website http://dofi.ibz.be.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31 December 2020. After 31 December 2020, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the Brexit date. For information on the application process, please visit this website http://dofi.ibz.be.

For more detailed information

Please visit the Belgian government website: https://www.belgium.be/en/brexit or http://dofi.ibz.be

Bulgaria

I am a UK national living in Bulgaria. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Bulgaria will protect your residence rights through a national procedure for re-registration. You are eligible to apply under the scheme if you are legally residing in Bulgaria on the date of Brexit.  

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31 December 2020 or the date written on the document if it is before 31 December 2020. During this transitional period - After Brexit day - you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new specific rules that will be in place on Brexit day.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the day following the date of Brexit with the national Ministry of Interior. For information on the application process, please visit this websiteL https://www.mvr.bg/en/about-the-ministry/brexit/information-about-brexit

c) On filing your application you will receive a temporary permit valid for one month until the formal procedure is complete.  During this transitional period/After Brexit, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new rules.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Bulgaria, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Bulgaria for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?    

UK nationals and members of their families are entitled to a permanent residence permit if they have resided legally and continuously on the territory of Bulgaria for a period of five years on the basis of a long-term residence permit.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be recognised until 31/12/2020 or its date of expiry. After Brexit day, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the day after the Brexit date with the respective regional unit of the Migration Directorate of the Ministry of Interior.

For more detailed information

Please visit the Bulgarian government website: www.mvr.bg/en/about-the-ministry/brexit/information-about-brexit

Czech Republic

I am a UK national living in the Czech Republic. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

The Czech Republic will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 31.12.2020. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31.12.2020.  During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the applicable immigration rules for residence of third country nationals.

What will my rights be?

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of the Czech Republic, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in the Czech Republic for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status? 

After the Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period until 31.12.2020, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website https://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/brexit.aspx.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31.12.2020.

For more detailed information

Please visit the Czech government website: https://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/brexit.aspx or https://www.brexitinfo.cz/

Denmark

I am a UK national living in Denmark. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Denmark will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until replaced by a permanent solution.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until otherwise is decided.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you are encouraged to submit an application for such documentation before the withdrawal date in order to be able to prove your rights. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://www.nyidanmark.dk/en-GB/You-want-to-apply/Residence-as-a-Nordic-citizen-or-EU-or-EEA-citizen

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Denmark, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?  

You will have to carry your passport and we encourage you to carry also your residence document.

I have resided in Denmark for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?  

After the Brexit date, you will keep your rights under the temporary transitional scheme and you can still qualify for permanent residence in line with current Union law on free movement after 5 years legal residence according to the national transitional measures.

(British citizens can also obtain permanent residence according to national legislation. As a rule, permanent residence after national rules is obtained after 8 years of legal residence. Regarding national rules on permanent residence please visit this website: https://www.nyidanmark.dk/en-GB/You-want-to-apply/Permanent-residence-permit

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit under the temporary transitional scheme. When the temporary scheme is replaced by a permanent solution, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will be able to apply one. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://www.nyidanmark.dk/en-GB/You-want-to-apply/Residence-as-a-Nordic-citizen-or-EU-or-EEA-citizen/EU-Family-member-EU-citizen

For more detailed information

Please visit the website of the Danish Ministry of Immigration and Integration: http://uim.dk/brexit/brexit-how-does-it-affect-you-as-a-british-citizen-...

Germany

I am a UK national living in Germany. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Germany will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable for nine months after Brexit date

a) During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a residence permit, according to the applicable immigration rules for residence of third country nationals that will be partially adapted to the specific situation.

Applications are possible during the transitional period with the relevant foreigners’ authorities in the federal states. For finding the responsible foreigners authority, please visit this website https://www.bamf.de/SiteGlobals/Functions/WebGIS/EN/WebGIS_Auslaenderbehoerde.html

What will my rights be?   

You will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Germany, to work as an employee or as self-employed, to look for a job, or to study and to do research.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?  

You will have to carry your passport and either your already received residence permit or a certificate that you will get from the immigration authority when you have entered your application for a residence permit (“Fiktionsbescheinigung”). For travelling back to Germany during the transition period you should have your passport with you and a document to proof your residence in Germany, a residence registration certificate for example.

I have resided in Germany for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?  

After Brexit date, you will keep your rights during the transition period of 9 months, but you have to apply for a residence permit during this transitional period that could be a long-term residence permit. Germany will prepare the necessary framework conditions for everyone formerly exercising their freedom of movement rights in Germany already for more than five years to being able to receive a long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on EU and national long-term residence permits, please visit this website http://www.bamf.de/EN/Migration/Arbeiten/Daueraufenthalt/daueraufenthalt...

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until the end of the transition period of 9 months. During the transition period they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from Brexit date with the relevant foreigners authorities in the federal states. For finding the responsible foreigners authority, please visit this website https://www.bamf.de/SiteGlobals/Functions/WebGIS/EN/WebGIS_Auslaenderbehoerde.html  

For more detailed information

Please visit the Germany government websites: https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/en/aussenpolitik/europa/Brexit; https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/faqs/EN/themen/migration/brexit/faqs-brexit.html

Estonia

I am a UK national living in Estonia. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Estonia will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable indefinitely. You will need to have a registered place of residence and residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until the end of document validity. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the Identity Document Act.

b) If you do not have a registered place of residence and residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the date of withdrawal with the Police and Border Guard service centres. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://www2.politsei.ee/en/teenused/residence-permit/tahtajaline-elamisluba/

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Estonia, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?  

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit. In case of travel, you must exchange your current EU citizen residence document to the residence permit card since 01.04.2020. If you do not need to travel, you do not have to renew your document and your current residence document is valid in the territory of Estonia up to the end of the date of validity of the document.

I have resided in Estonia for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?     

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights indefinitely, but after date of withdrawal, you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website  https://www2.politsei.ee/en/teenused/residence-permit/pikaajalise-elaniku-elamisluba/

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence permit issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until the expiry date of the residence permit card. By the end of date of validity of the document, they will have to apply for a prolong residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence document, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible with the Police and Border Guard service centres. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://www2.politsei.ee/  

For more detailed information

Please visit the Estonian government website: https://vm.ee/en/what-do-you-need-know-regard-brexit

Ireland

I am a UK national living in Ireland. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

All UK nationals have a right under the Common Travel Area to live in Ireland.

You do not need to take any action to continue to live in Ireland after Brexit date.

What will my rights be?   

Under the Common Travel Area (CTA), British citizens can move freely to, and reside in, Ireland and can enjoy associated rights and privileges including access to employment, healthcare, education, social benefits, and the right to vote in certain elections.

The Government of Ireland and the UK Government signed a Memorandum of Understanding on 8 May 2019‌, reaffirming their commitment to maintaining the CTA in all circumstances.

More details can be found here: https://www.dfa.ie/brexit/getting-ireland-brexit-ready/brexit-and-you/common-travel-area/

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?     

You will have to carry your passport, and fulfil any visa requirements, which may be introduced by other Member States.

 I have resided in Ireland for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?   

Ireland, does not participate the Directive (2003/109/EC) which deals with long term residence for third country nationals.  Therefore, the EU long-term resident status does not apply for UK nationals in Ireland.

 My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31 October 2020, i.e. 12 months after Brexit date. After 31 October 2020, i.e. 12 months after Brexit date, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit as soon as possible to regularise their position in the State. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.inis.gov.ie.

For more detailed information

Please visit the Irish government website: www.inis.gov.ie

Greece

I am a UK national living in Greece.  In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Greece will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 31/12/2020. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence document, according to the applicable immigration rules for residence of third country nationals and new specific rules that are in place.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence document. Applications are possible as from the withdrawal date (any change will officially be announced) with the competent police authorities handling issued of aliens of your home area. For information on the application process, please visit the website www.astynomia.gr.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Greece, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Greece for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?      

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website http://immigration.gov.gr/web/guest/adeia-diamonis-makras-diarkeias

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. Two months before 31/12/2020, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence card. Applications are possible any time until the end of the transitional period with the decentralized administration of their place of residence. For information on the application process, please visit this website http://immigration.gov.gr/adeia-diamonis-gia-oikogeneiaki-epanenosi

For more detailed information

Please visit the Greek government website: https://brexit.gov.gr/uk-citizens-in-greece/

Spain

I am a UK national living in Spain. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Spain will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable for a 21 months grace period starting on the day of withdrawal with no agreement. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights after the grade period.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until the end of the 21 months grace period. By this moment, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the specific ad hoc regime approved. In this specific case, your registration certificate will automatically be replaced by a residence document for third country nationals at the policia nacional offices.

b) If you do not have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the day after of a no deal withdrawal with the Oficinas de Extranjería (Inmigration offices) For information on the application process, please visit this website:  https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/brexit/Paginas/index.aspx and http://www.mitramiss.gob.es/es/brexit/index.htm

c) You will NOT receive a letter from the national administration informing on your situation. This letter will NOT be considered as your temporary residence permit. During this transitional period of 21 month starting the day after a no deal withdrawal you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the  new specific rules that have been already published in the Spanish official diary. See:    https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rdl/2019/03/01/5/dof/spa/pdf  AND https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2019/03/26/pdfs/BOE-A-2019-4356.pdf)

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Spain to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Spain for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?         

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period of 21 months starting on the day after a no deal withdrawal, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/brexit/Paginas/index.aspx http://www.mitramiss.gob.es/es/brexit/index.htm

If you have residing in Spain for more than 5 years, you can also apply for a national permanent residence. In cases where you have a permanent registration certificate, a national permanent residence will be issued at the policia nacional premises.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until the end of the 21 months grace period. During this grace period, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the ad hoc law approved.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the day after the 21 months grace period with the Oficinas de Extranjería (Inmigration offices). For information on the application process, please visit this website:

https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/brexit/Paginas/index.aspx http://www.mitramiss.gob.es/es/brexit/index.htm

For more detailed information

Please visit the Spanish government website: https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/brexit/Paginas/index.aspxand http://www.mitramiss.gob.es/es/brexit/index.htm

France

I am a UK national living in France. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

France will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until one year from the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until one year from the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom. Within six months from the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new specific rules that will be in place by that time.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible from the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom and during six months. The possibility of doing these applications online is currently envisaged in order to facilitate the process. For information on the application process, please visit the website https://brexit.gouv.fr/sites/brexit/accueil/vous-etes-britannique/droit-au-sejour.html. Regarding this issue, relevant information will be available on this website as soon as the definitive scenario (deal or no deal) will be known.

What will my rights be?

During one year from the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of France, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?

You will have to carry your passport and your residence permit.

I have resided in France for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the grace period until one year from the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom, but you will have to apply for an EU long-term residence permit within six months from the Brexit date. The British citizens and the members of their family who already hold a permanent residence card under EU free movement law will obtain an EU long-term residence permit without any condition. Those who do not hold a permanent residence card under EU free movement law will have to prove that they have sufficient resources and a comprehensive sickness insurance cover. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit the website https://brexit.gouv.fr/sites/brexit/accueil/vous-etes-britannique/droit-au-sejour.html. Regarding this issue, relevant information will be available on this website as soon as the definitive scenario (deal or no deal) will be known.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until one year from the Brexit date. During the six months following the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible from the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom and during six months. The possibility of doing these applications online is currently envisaged in order to facilitate the process. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://brexit.gouv.fr/sites/brexit/accueil/vous-etes-britannique/droit-au-sejour.html. Regarding this issue, relevant information will be available on this website as soon as the definitive scenario (deal or no deal) will be known.

For more detailed information

Please visit the French government website: https://brexit.gouv.fr/sites/brexit/accueil.html.

Croatia

I am a UK national living in the Republic of Croatia. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

The Republic of Croatia will protect your residence rights through “transitional” measures that will have no end date provided you are UK nationals and/or your  family members, who on the day before departure of the UK from the European Union have already registered temporary or permanent stay or have been issued with a residence card pursuant to applicable legislation on EEA nationals (free movement right).

Kindly note that you will need to have your temporary or permanent stay registered at the competent police station/police administration before no deal Brexit date. You will be issued with registration certificate or residence card which will be a clear proof of your residence.

a) If you already have registered your temporary/permanent residence and have a residence document (registration certificate or residence card) issued under EU free movement right, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit up to one year from the no deal Brexit date (or until their expiration date, if the said date is shorter). During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence document (residence permit) which will be issued in the format laid down by Regulation 1030/2002.

b) If you did not register your residence prior to no deal Brexit date, you will have to apply for a residence status and residence permit in line with legislation for TCNs.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit (and later exchanged residence permit in line with Regulation 1030/2002), you will keep the right of residence and a right to work without the need to be issued with additional work permit. You will be able to continue to reside in the territory of the Republic of Croatia and work.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in the Republic of Croatia for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?         

After Brexit date, your will keep your residence rights indefinitely but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit (note that EU long term residence require prior residence of 5 years along with other requirements). This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website:

HR: https://mup.gov.hr/gradjani-281562/moji-dokumenti-281563/stranci-333/drzavljani-trecih-zemalja/281820   

EN https://mup.gov.hr/aliens-281621/stay-and-work/permanent-stay/281682  

After 5 years of uninterrupted legal stay in the Republic of Croatia, you will also be able to apply for national permanent residence.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit up to one year from the no deal Brexit date (or until their expiration date, if the said date is shorter). After one year they will have to apply for a new residence document (residence permit), in line with Regulation 1030/2002.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence status also under new specific rules that will be in place.  Applications are possible as from date of no deal Brexit with the competent police station/police administration. For information on the application process, please visit this website

https://mup.gov.hr/gradjani-281562/moji-dokumenti-281563/stranci-333/bor...  

https://mup.gov.hr/gradjani-281562/moji-dokumenti-281563/stranci-333/bor...

For more detailed information

Please visit the Croatian government website: Ministry of the Interior:

https://mup.gov.hr/vijesti/information-concerning-the-future-relations-between-the-united-kingdom-and-the-european-union/283273

https://mup.gov.hr/aliens-281621/stay-and-work/stay-and-work-of-eea-nationals-and-their-family-members/281688

Italy

I am a UK national living in Italy. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Italy will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable indefinitely. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31 December 2020. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new specific rules that will be in place by that time (art. 14, Law Decree n. 22, 25 Mach 2019, as amended by Law n. 41, 20 May 2019).

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications will be possible after the withdrawal date.

What will my rights be?              

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Italy, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Italy for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?      

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights indefinitely, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information concerning only how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website https://poliziadistato.it/articolo/10723

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?    

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31 December 2020. After withdrawal date and until 31 December 2020, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications will be possible after withdrawal date and must be submitted to the 'Questura' - the central police station set up in every Italian province.

For more detailed information

More detailed information will be available in due time. For updated information on Brexit please visit https://www.esteri.it/mae/en/politica_estera/politica_europea/dossier/br...

Cyprus

I am a UK national living in Cyprus. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Cyprus will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable indefinitely. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. After 31/12/2020, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new specific rules that will be in place by that time.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible for the UK nationals legally residing in Cyprus until 31/10/2019 with the CIVIL REGISTRY AND MIGRATION DEPARTMENT or at the Local Immigration Offices. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.moi.gov.cy/crmd

c) You will receive a residence permit under EU law. This will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. After 31/12/2020, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new specific rules that will be in place by that time.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Cyprus, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Cyprus for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?       

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights indefinitely, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website www.moi.gov.cy/crmd

For information on national permanent residence see this webpage: www.moi.gov.cy/crmd

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. After 31/12/2020, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible until 31/10/2019 with the Civil Registry and Migration Department or at the Local Immigration Offices. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.moi.gov.cy/crmd

For more detailed information

Please visit the Cyprus government website: www.moi.gov.cy/crmd

Latvia

I am a UK national living in Latvia. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Latvia will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable indefinitely if you will change your status by applying for a residence permit until 31/12/2020. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the Law on Judicial Cooperation and Protections of Persons’ Rights during the Transition Period after the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland form the European Union.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from Brexit date with the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.pmlp.gov.lv

c) You will receive a letter from the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs informing on your situation.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Latvia, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Latvia for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?        

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights indefinitely if you will change your status by applying for a temporary or permanent residence permit until 31/12/2020 , but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website www.pmlp.gov.lv

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. After Brexit date, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from Brexit date with the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.pmlp.gov.lv

For more detailed information

Please visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia: https://www.mfa.gov.lv/en/policy/european-union/brexit

Lithuania

I am a UK national living in Lithuania. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Lithuania will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable during the transition period of 9 months starting directly after Brexit. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until end of the transition period of 9 months starting directly after Brexit. During this period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new favourable requirements.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from Brexit day with the Migration Department under the Ministry of the Interior. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://www.migracija.lt (check for updates).

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Lithuania, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?     

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Lithuania for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?         

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period of 9 months, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website https://www.migracija.lt/index.php?-1515816950  

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until the end of the transition period of 9 months starting directly after Brexit. During this period, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from Brexit day with the Migration Department under the Ministry of the Interior. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://www.migracija.lt  (check for updates).

For more detailed information

Please visit the Lithuanian government websites: https://vrm.lrv.lt/en/brexit-updated-2019-04-09 and https://www.migracija.lt/index.php?693451066

Luxembourg

I am a UK national living in Luxembourg. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Luxembourg will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable during one year after the withdrawal date. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until the end of the above-mentioned period. At the latest three months before the end of this period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the applicable immigration rules for residence of third-country nationals.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit as a third-country national. The application deadline will be communicated at a later stage. The applications will have to be submitted to the Immigration Directorate. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.guichet.lu

What will my rights be?  

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Luxembourg, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Luxembourg for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?            

After Brexit date, you will keep your rights during one year after the withdrawal date, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website www.guichet.lu

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit during one year after the withdrawal date. At the latest three months before the end of this period, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. The application deadline will be communicated at a later stage. The applications will have to be submitted to the Immigration Directorate. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.guichet.lu

For more detailed information

Please visit the Luxembourg government website: https://gouvernement.lu/en/dossiers/2019/brexit.html

Hungary

I am a UK national living in Hungary. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Hungary will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable for three years after the withdrawal date. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit for three years after the withdrawal date. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a national permanent residence permit, according to the § 95 of the Act I of 2007 on the Entry and Stay of Persons with the Right to Free Movement and Residence, referring to the Act  II of 2007 on the Admission and Residence of Third-country Nationals.

What will my rights be?   

You will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Hungary, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your residence documents.

I have resided in Hungary for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?    

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period until three years after the withdrawal date, while you can apply for a national permanent residence permit, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website http://bevandorlas.hu/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&layout=item&id=7....

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit for three years after the withdrawal date. During this time, they will have to apply for a national permanent residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card,

- for a period of three years from the date of the withdrawal, family members may also acquire a national permanent residence permit under certain preferential terms if the family relationship with the resident UK national already existed prior to the withdrawal date.

- otherwise they will have to apply for a residence permit under the immigration regime applicable for third-country nationals.

For information on the application process, please visit this website http://bevandorlas.hu/index.php?lang=en

For more detailed information

Please visit the Hungarian government website: https://eu.kormany.hu/enbrexit

Malta

I am a UK national living in Malta. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Malta will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable indefinitely. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until two years from the date of withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union.. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the legislation enacted under the Immigration Act (Subsidiary Legislation 217.23 entitled Immigration Status of British Citizens resident in Malta on the withdrawal date of the United Kingdom from the European Union Regulations, available at http://www.justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lom&itemid=12976&l=1 which shall come into force the day following the date of the withdrawal of the UK from the EU).

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Information regarding procedures concerning the submission of applications in this regard will be announced in due time.

c) If you are registered with Identity Malta Agency on the basis of the exercise of your free movement in Malta as an EU national, you will receive a letter from the said Agency informing on your situation. You will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the provisions stipulated in the legislation mentioned in paragraph a) within two years of the date of withdrawal of the UK from the EU.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Malta, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit or the new residence permit if this has been issued to you.

I have resided in Malta for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?         

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights indefinitely if you satisfy the conditions stipulated in the relative legislation,, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit if you satisfy the conditions of the relative legislation, that is, Subsidiary Legislation 217.05 entitled Status of Long-Term Residents (third country nationals) Regulations. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit the website of Identity Malta Agency which contains information regarding the relative application and checklist, at: https://identitymalta.com/citizenships-expatriates/

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit. The same conditions as for their British citizen family member (as explained in paragraph a above) will apply as regards the deadline for the submission of an application for a new residence permit.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit provided they are eligible to be considered as beneficiaries on their grounds as family members of the UK national.

For more detailed information

The relevant legislation is available at: http://www.justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lom&itemid=12976&l=1

Netherlands

I am a UK national living in the Netherlands. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

The Netherlands will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable after a no deal Brexit during a transition period. During this transition period, UK nationals will keep their rights to reside, work and study in the Netherlands. This also applies if you are the relative of a UK national and are not an EU citizen yourself. Before the Brexit date, the IND will send you a temporary residence permit in the form of a letter. Many of you have already received this important document. The letter in combination with a valid passport will serve as proof of your residency rights during a no deal transition period. You do not need to take any action yourself to obtain this letter, other than to ensure you are correctly registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) at your municipality: the letter will be sent to the address at which you are registered.  

During the transition period, you will be invited to apply for a new residence permit, according to the applicable legal residence rules for EU citizens.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of the Netherlands, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in the Netherlands for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?

After Brexit date, you will keep your rights during the transition period. It is already possible to apply for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. During the transition period, you can apply for a national residence permit. You can qualify for a residence permit if you meet the conditions of residence that apply to EU citizens. You do not need to comply with any integration measures. For more information about the EU long-term residence permit and the national residence permit visit: www.ind.nl.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

Family members residing in the Netherlands will be invited to apply for a new residence permit, according to the applicable legal residence rules for EU citizens. Family members that are not yet living in the Netherlands are eligible for the (temporary) permit if you are holder of a (temporary) residence permit. This is only possible during the transition period.

For more detailed information

Please visit the Immigration and Naturalisation service website: https://ind.nl/Brexit.

Austria

I am a UK national living in Austria. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Austria will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 6 months after withdrawal date. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new specific rules that are already in place in case of a no-deal Brexit.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the withdrawal date with the responsible local authority i.e. the Amt der Landesregierung, the Magistrat or Bezirkshauptmannschaft depending on where you live. For information on the application process, please visit this website: https://www.federal-chancellery.gv.at/brexit

What will my rights be?   

Until six months after withdrawal you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Austria, to work, to look for a job, or to study. Upon application for your residence permit you can be issued with a confirmation of application.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your confirmation of application until you are issued your residence permit.

I have resided in Austria for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?      

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period until six months after Brexit, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website: www.federal-chancellery.gv.at/brexit

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the withdrawal date with the responsible local authority i.e. the Amt der Landesregierung, the Magistrat or Bezirkshauptmannschaft depending on where you live. For information on the application process, please visit this website: www.federal-chancellery.gv.at/brexit

For more detailed information

Please visit the Austrian government website: www.federal-chancellery.gv.at/brexit

Poland

I am a UK national living in Poland. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Poland will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 31/12/2020. Your stay in Poland will be considered legal ex lege from the withdrawal date until 31.12.2020 provided that you enjoyed the right of residence or the right of permanent residence in Poland under the Directive 2004/38/EC before the withdrawal date. However, it will be useful to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, with an exception of certificate of registration, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31/ 12/2020. These documents may remain valid after the date until 30.09.2021 at the latest only on Polish territory for evidence purposes. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the  new specific rules that will be in place by that time. A stamp imprint annotated “BREXIT” made in the travel document, confirming submission of an application for a dedicated temporary or permanent residence permit along with a separate certificate with a one year validity period will be considered as your temporary residence permit until the final decision on the application.

If you were granted permanent residence permit (with unlimited validity) before the accession of the Republic of Poland to the European Union you will retain this right. You will not need to apply for residence permit. Application for renewal of the residence card (issued for 10 years) may only be needed.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from day of Brexit with the voivode competent with respect of the place of stay in Poland. A stamp imprint annotated “BREXIT” made in the travel document, confirming submission of an application for a dedicated temporary or permanent residence permit along with a separate certificate with a one year validity period will be considered as your temporary residence permit until the final decision on the application.

For information on the application process, please visit this website https://udsc.gov.pl/en/cudzoziemcy/brexit/materials-to-download/

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Poland, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your residence permit.

I have resided in Poland for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?       

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period until 31/12/2020, for 5 years on the basis of dedicated temporary residence permit or indefinitely on the basis of dedicated permanent residence permit, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website https://udsc.gov.pl/en/cudzoziemcy/obywatele-panstw-trzecich/chce-osiedl...

National permanent residence permit will be granted the United Kingdom nationals and their family members:

- who, on the day preceding the withdrawal day held the right of permanent residence in Poland under the Directive 2004/38/EC (generally after 5 years of stay in Poland); Application should be made until 31.12.2020;

- who on the day preceding the withdrawal day held the right of residence in Poland under the Directive 2004/38/EC (but no yet the right of permanent residence); family member staying in Poland with the UK national; under certain conditions.

For information on the application process, please visit this website https://udsc.gov.pl/en/cudzoziemcy/brexit/materials-to-download/

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. These documents may remain valid after the date until 30.09.2021 at the latest only on Polish territory for evidence purposes.  Before 31/12/2020, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the Brexit day with the voivode competent with respect of the place of stay in Poland. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://udsc.gov.pl/en/cudzoziemcy/brexit/materials-to-download/

For more detailed information

Please visit the Polish government website: https://udsc.gov.pl/en/cudzoziemcy/brexit/

Portugal

I am a UK national living in Portugal. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Portugal will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 31/12/2020. Your residence document is needed to prove these rights. Otherwise, a requirement procedure will be open to prove your residence.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the national legislation (Lei nº. 23/2007, of 4 July).

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from withdrawal date with the local authority. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.sef.pt

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Portugal, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Portugal for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?    

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights until 31/12/2020, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website www.sef.pt

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. After Brexit date, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

For information on the application process, please visit this website www.sef.pt

For more detailed information

Please visit the Portuguese government’s website: https://www.portaldiplomatico.mne.gov.pt/politica-externa/brexit

Romania

I am a UK national living in Romania. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Romania will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 31.12.2019 (to be adjusted taking into account extension of article 50). You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31.12.2019 (to be adjusted taking into account extension of article 50). During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a residence permit, according to the new specific rules that will be in place by that time or applicable immigration rules for long term residence of third country nationals (if these apply to you).

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from first day after Brexit with the General Inspectorate for Immigration. For information on the application process, please visit this website http://igi.mai.gov.ro/ro/content/brexit-no-deal.

c) You will receive a letter from General Inspectorate for Immigration informing on your situation. This letter will explain the process you will need to follow, depending on your specific situation. During the transitional period you will have to apply for a residence permit, according to the new specific rules that will be in place by that time or applicable immigration rules for long term residence of third country nationals (if these apply to you).

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Romania, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Romania for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?   

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period until 31.12 .2019 (to be adjusted taking into account extension of article 50) but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website http://igi.mai.gov.ro/ro/content/%C8%99ederea-pe-termen-lung-%C3%AEn-rom%C3%A2nia

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31.12 .2019 (to be adjusted taking into account extension of article 50). During this transitional period, they will have to apply for a residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from the first day after Brexit with the General Inspectorate for Immigration. For information on the application process, please visit this website http://igi.mai.gov.ro/ro/content/brexit-no-deal.

For more detailed information

Please visit the Romanian government website: http://igi.mai.gov.ro/ro/content/brexit-no-deal

Slovenia

I am a UK national living in Republic of Slovenia. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Republic of Slovenia will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until one year after withdrawal. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until the replacement for a new residence permit. During a transitional period of one year from the withdrawal, or before the expiry of the validity of the certificate/permit issued under EU free movement law, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the Act regulating certain issues in the event of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union without agreement (Official Gazette RS no. 20/19).

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Republic of Slovenia, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Republic of Slovenia for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?              

After Brexit date, you will first have to replace your certificate/permit issued under EU free movement law for a new residence permit issued under The Act regulating certain issues in the event of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union without agreement (Official Gazette RS no. 20/19). Subsequently you will be able to apply for EU long-term residence status. Upon fulfilling the conditions for EU long-term residence status a new permanent residence permit card will be issued to you, with the designation of status of EU long-term resident. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until the replacement for a new residence permit. During transitional period of one year since the withdrawal, or before the expiry of the validity of the permit issued under EU free movement law, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the Act regulating certain issues in the event of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union without agreement (Official Gazette RS no. 20/19).

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit according to the Foreigners Act (Official Gazette of RS, no. 1/18 - official consolidated text and 9/18 - corr.). For information on the application process, please visit this website https://infotujci.si/en/third-country-nationals/purposes-of-residence/purpose-of-residence-family-reunification/

For more detailed information

Please visit the Slovenian government website: http://www.vlada.si/en/projects/the_united_kingdoms_decision_to_leave_th...

Slovakia

I am a UK national living in Slovakia. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Slovakia will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 31/12/2020. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

a) If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be valid until 31/12/2020. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to new specific rules for UK nationals that will be in place by that time.

b) If you do not have a residence document, you will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from Brexit date with the Slovak Bureau of Border and Foreign Police. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://www.minv.sk/?brexit-2.  

c) You will receive a letter from Slovak Bureau of Border and Foreign Police informing on your situation as well as filled-in temporary residence card, which will stay valid until 31/12/2020. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the new specific rules that will be in place by that time.

What will my rights be?   

With your residence permit, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Slovakia, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence permit.

I have resided in Slovakia for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?    

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights until 31/12/2020, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website https://www.minv.sk/?brexit-2

Info on national permanent residence

If you, as a United Kingdom national, and your family members have a residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic of longer than 5 years on the date of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, you will automatically obtain a long-term residence according to Art. 52 of the Act No. 404/2011 Coll. on Residence of Foreigners and Amendment and Supplementation of Certain Acts. This means that, you do not have to apply for this type of permanent residence.

If you, as a United Kingdom national, and your family members have registered residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic of less than 5 years on the date of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, you will automatically obtain a permanent residence for five years in the interest of the Slovak Republic according to Art. 43 (1) e) of the Act on Residence of Foreigners. This means that, you do not have to apply for this type of permanent residence.

If you have been issued a Residence Card of EU Citizen by the date of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, this residence card will remain valid until 31December 2020. This means that if you are a holder of a Residence Card of EU Citizen, its validity will expire on 31December 2020. For this reason, you should apply for a new residence card by this date at the latest. However, we recommend that you do not wait until the end of the validity of the Residence Card of EU Citizen and apply for a new residence card as soon as possible

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. After Brexit date, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they will have to apply for a residence permit. Applications are possible as from Brexit date with the SK Bureau of Border and Foreign Police. For information on the application process, please visit this website https://www.minv.sk/?brexit-2.

For more detailed information

Please visit the Slovakia´s government website: https://www.minv.sk/?foreign-police

Finland

I am a UK national living in Finland. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Finland will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable until 31/12/2020. You will need to have a residence document to prove these rights.

If you already have a residence document issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as your temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. If you do not have a residence document yet, you can apply for one before the withdrawal date. During this transitional period, you can apply for a new residence permit, according to the applicable immigration rules for residence of third country nationals.

What will my rights be?   

With your temporary residence document, you will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Finland, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

You will have to carry your passport and your temporary residence document.

I have resided in Finland for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?      

After Brexit date, you will keep your rights during the transition period until 31/12/2020, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website www.migri.fi/en/eu-residence-permit.

I have resided in Finland for more than four years. How can I obtain national permanent residence permit?

After Brexit date, you will keep your rights during the transition period until 31/12/2020, but you can already apply in parallel for a national permanent residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. For more information on how to apply for a permanent residence permit, please visit this website: www.migri.fi/en/permanent-residence-permit.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

a) If they already have a residence card issued under EU free movement law, this will be considered as their temporary residence permit until 31/12/2020. During the transition period until 31/12/2020, they can already apply in parallel for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time.

b) If they do not have a residence card, they can apply for one under EU free movement law, or they can apply for a residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time. Applications are possible with the Finnish Immigration Service. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.migri.fi/en/home.

For more detailed information

Please visit the Finnish government website: www.vnk.fi/en/information-about-brexit.

Sweden

I am a UK national living in Sweden. In case of a no-deal scenario, what should I do to keep my residence rights after Brexit date? When should I do it?

Sweden will protect your residence rights through transitional measures that will be applicable from the date of the withdrawal and for one year after the withdrawal. During this transitional period, you will have to apply for a residence permit or a long-term residence status, according to the Swedish Alien Act. You can already now apply for a residence permit at the Swedish Migration Agency (Migrationsverket). For information on the application process, please visit this website www.migrationsverket.se.

What will my rights be?   

You will keep most of the rights you had as an EU citizen. This means you will be able to continue to reside in the territory of Sweden, to work, to look for a job, or to study.

How can I travel to other Member States or cross the EU external borders?   

If you wish to travel during the transition period you will have to carry your passport and a temporary proof of residency in Sweden. You will be able to apply for this proof at the Swedish Migration Agency, from the day of the withdrawal. It will be inserted to your passport in the form of a stamp.

I have resided in Sweden for more than five years. How can I obtain EU long-term residence status?     

After Brexit date, your will keep your rights during the transition period, but you can already apply in parallel for an EU long-term residence permit. This permit will grant you a permanent status, and allow you to enjoy the same treatment as nationals regarding access to employment, education, and core social benefits. This will also allow you, under certain conditions, to acquire the right to reside in another EU Member State. For more information on how to apply for an EU long-term residence permit, please visit this website www.migrationsverket.se.

As an alternative to EU long-term resident status, there is a possibility to acquire a permanent residence permit under national Swedish legislation. As a general condition, the applicant must have held a national temporary residence permit for a period, e.g. as employee or student, before being granted a permanent permit. The length of the time required varies according to the grounds for the application.

My family members (spouse, children) are citizens of a third country (neither EU nor UK). What should they do to keep their residence rights?

Sweden will protect the residence rights of family members from the date of the withdrawal and for one year after the withdrawal. During this transitional period, they will have to apply for a new residence permit, according to the law that will be applicable at that time. Family members can already now apply for a residence permit at the Swedish Migration Agency. For information on the application process, please visit this website www.migrationsverket.se

For more detailed information

Please visit the Swedish government website: www.government.se/government-policy/brexit/

Social security entitlements in the EU27

The Commission has been working with the EU27 Member States to complement the level of protection of social security entitlements provided by the EU contingency Regulation in a no-deal scenario. This includes a unilateral coordinated contingency approach to be applied to all insured persons whose entitlements relate to the United Kingdom before the withdrawal date. Beyond this, the EU27 Member States can choose to apply unilaterally the principle of aggregation to periods of work, insurance and residence in the United Kingdom after the withdrawal or to take further unilateral measures.

Based on input from Member States, the Commission has compiled an overview of national measures in the area of social security coordination.

Please note that the information provided in the overview does not reflect the official opinion of the Commission. Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies entirely with the relevant national authorities of the Member States who are the first contact point. Where the national measures are not presented as formally adopted, they are still subject to changes.

The Commission will continue to update the information on this webpage with the latest input from the EU27 Member States.

EU citizens’ rights in the UK

To find information you need about your rights as an EU citizen living in the UK, please visit EU Citizens’ Rights.