Know your rights

Every citizen of the Union has the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.

Freedom of movement and residence may be granted, in accordance with the Treaties, to nationals of third countries legally resident in the territory of a Member State.

This right is enshrined in article 45 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

What to do if your rights have been breached

The authorities of EU countries are bound to comply with the Charter of Fundamental Rights only when implementing EU law. Fundamental rights are protected by your country's constitution.

How to report a breach of your rights

Addressing your complaint to the relevant national authority, government, national courts or a specialised human rights body.

What the Commission is doing to protect your rights


This right is conferred directly on every EU citizen by article 21 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

Directive 2004/38/EC on the right to move freely and live in another EU country.

Chapter 5 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights is on citizens' rights. This chapter also contains the following rights


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