The euro banknotes share the same designs across all countries in the euro area. Their seven denominations bear distinctive features, sizes and colours for aesthetic and practical reasons. Their designs, by Austrian Robert Kalina, from the Österreichische Nationalbank (Austrian National Bank), were selected after a competition calling for innovative and balanced proposals.
Exchanging national cash
Once the euro banknotes and coins start circulating, a period of gradual withdrawal of the national currency also begins during which citizens are able to exchange their old banknotes and coins. Exchange is free of charge at any bank in the first weeks or months after the changeover, and remains possible at national central banks for a longer, sometimes even unlimited, period.
Copyright and reproduction rules of euro coins and notes
Euro coins and banknotes are important symbols of European unity and commitment. For this reason there are clear rules on how and when their images can be used. These are designed to protect the images on euro coins and banknotes from misuse and avoid confusion, while allowing for appropriate use by others when needed.
Euro cash in transit
Regulation (EU) No 1214/2011 ensures that euro banknotes and coins can be easily and safely transported by road across national borders between Member States that have adopted the euro or are about to do so.
National central banks and mints in the European Union
A list of the national central bank and mints divided by country.