Funding EU policies

EU policies are implemented through a wide range of programmes and funds which provide financial support to hundreds of thousands of beneficiaries such as farmers, students, scientists, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), businesses, towns, regions and many others. The programmes of the 2014–2020 multiannual financial framework (MFF) are funded under the following policy areas ('headings').

Headings and ceilings

Headings and ceilings

Information on the policy areas ('headings') of the 2014-2020 MFF and on the annual expenditure ceilings, both by policy area and overall.

Programmes funded by heading

Heading 1a: Competitiveness for growth and jobs

Heading 1a: Competitiveness for growth and jobs

The programmes under heading 1a of the 2014-2020 MFF (research, education, infrastructure) with reference amounts and legal bases.

Heading 1b: Economic, social, and territorial cohesion

Heading 1b: Economic, social, and territorial cohesion

The programmes under heading 1b of the 2014-2020 MFF (regional policy and cooperation), with reference amounts and legal bases.

Heading 2: Sustainable growth: natural resources

Heading 2: Sustainable growth: natural resources

The programmes under heading 2 of the 2014-2020 MFF (CAP, fisheries, rural development, environment), with reference amounts and legal bases.

Heading 3: Security and citizenship

Heading 3: Security and citizenship

The programmes under heading 3 of the 2014-2020 MFF (justice, border protection, migration, citizenship), with reference amounts and legal bases.

Heading 4: Global Europe

Heading 4: Global Europe

The programmes under heading 4 of the 2014-2020 MFF (external action, development and humanitarian aid), with reference amounts and legal bases.