Innovation and Networks Executive Agency

30 Priority Projects

INEA ceased operations on 31 March 2021. The European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency (CINEA) was established on 1 April 2021 to take over its legacy portfolio as well as additional EU funding programmes.

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The 30 Priority Projects (or axes) listed below have been identified on the basis of proposals from the Member States and are included in the Union guidelines for the development of the TEN-T as projects of European interest.

The Priority Projects were chosen both according to their European added-value and their contribution to the sustainable development of transport. Their completion - planned for 2020 - will improve the economic efficiency of the European transport system and provide direct benefits for European citizens.

Of these 30 key projects, 18 are railway projects, 3 are mixed rail-road projects, 2 are inland waterway transport projects and one refers to Motorways of the Sea. This choice reflects a high priority to more environmentally friendly transport modes, contributing to the fight against climate change.

Some of the Priority Projects are very large-scale and have already been completed:

  • Øresund fixed link connecting Sweden and Denmark
  • Milan's Malpensa Airport
  • Betuwe railway line linking Rotterdam to the German border
  • Railway axis Cork-Dublin-Belfast-Stranraer in Ireland

Important sections of the remaining 27 Projects have also been completed in the past years, with many more to follow (nearly one third of all the necessary investments have already been made). The completion of these projects provides a concrete illustration of the potential benefits of the TEN-T.

There has been a firm commitment on behalf of the Member States and European Institutions to deliver these key Priority Projects and they have been at the centre of Union efforts - both financially and in terms of coordination. The European Commission has in particular designated a group of ten eminent European Coordinators to evaluate the progress of certain TEN-T Priority Projects, to make recommendations for the effective implementation of these projects and to play a major role in advancing the works.