Any crossing point authorised by the competent authorities for the crossing of external EU borders .
This Protocol is an international instrument of "mixed" competence between the EU and its States. It entered into force on 3 July 2005. Thus far, 25 EU States have signed the Protocol (AT, BE, BG, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, EL, ES, FI, HR, HU, IT, LT, LU, NL, PL, PT,RO, SK, SI, SE, UK), but only 20 are contracting parties (BE, BG, CY, CZ, EE, ES, FI, HR, HU, IT, LT, LV, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SI, SE; see status of ratification).
The Commission negotiated and signed the UNFP on behalf of the EU in 2002 and proposed its ratification in March 2013, after all the provisions of the protocol that fall under the Union's competence had been fully transposed into EU legislation.