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Cooperation on Home Affairs is an important part of the strategic relationship between the EU and the United States. It has been framed by the "New Transatlantic Agenda" since 1995.
Political and operational cooperation between the EU and the US gained momentum after the terrorist attacks on Washington and New York City on 11 September 2001. The "Washington Statement" of October 2009 sets out a joint EU-US commitment to cooperation in the area of Justice and Home Affairs area until 2014.
The fight against terrorism and transnational crime, law enforcement and information exchange for law enforcement, protection of personal data, border management, visa and migration policies have been the major focus of transatlantic cooperation in recent years.
Several international agreements have been signed since, including a cooperation agreement with Europol, a working arrangement with FRONTEX, and agreements on the transfer of passenger name records and the processing and transfer of financial messaging data.
The policy dialogue includes regular meetings at the level of ministers, senior officials and experts. Operational cooperation takes place in multiple ways on a daily basis. Moreover, US Congress and the European Parliament engage in a "Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue".