The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border (international migration), or within a State (internal migration).
Cooperation on Home Affairs is a key component of the strategic relationship between the EU and Russia. This cooperation is currently addressing the implementation of a Road Map for the Common Space of Freedom, Security and Justice, adopted at the EU-Russia Summit in May 2005.
People-to-people contacts and general migration issues are of major importance for both the EU and Russia. There is a common interest in enhancing security and forging closer links between economies and societies.
An EU-Russia migration dialogue was launched in May 2011 at the Permanent Partnership Council (PPC) on Justice, Freedom and Security in St Petersburg. The dialogue creates a unique opportunity for the EU and Russia to discuss legal and irregular migration, international protection and the links between migration and development.
The EU and Russia are committed to a dialogue on visa-free travel. Together, they drew up an exhaustive list of common steps, the implementation of which will lay the ground for possible negotiations on an EU-Russia visa waiver agreement.
The EU-Russia visa facilitation and readmission agreements (which entered into force in June 2007) simplified the procedure for issuing visas and, at the same time, provided for the repatriation of EU and Russian citizens, other non-EU nationals and stateless people residing irregularly either in the EU or on Russian territory. The EU has financed several projects addressing irregular migration, human trafficking and asylum issues in Russia.
FRONTEX cooperates with Russia so as to enhance border management.
Fighting organised crime is a major priority for the EU. Many EU States have posted liaison officers in Russia and a strategic agreement between Europol and Russia is strengthening operational cooperation. Two other areas with potential for close cooperation are the protection of critical infrastructure and the fight against cybercrime.
The EU is also working with Russia to prevent and combat terrorism. The strategy focuses on preventing radicalisation and combating terrorist financing by both reducing the availability of funds and freezing assets. EU assistance has supported the development of effective legislative and operational measures against money laundering.