Migration and Home Affairs

China and India

The growth of the Asian economy is of global significance. Getting EU relations right with this diverse and dynamic region is a major challenge facing Europe and other global players. Priority areas include political and economic relations, people-to-people contacts and increased strategic cooperation, including on Home Affairs issues in line, in particular, with the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility.


The EU-China comprehensive strategic partnership came into force in 2003. In the area of Home Affairs, cooperation with China has developed by way of the 2004 Memorandum of Understanding on visas  (ADS), as well as through consultations on fighting unauthorised migration and trafficking in human beings. In 2002, the Commission was given negotiating directives for an EU-China Readmission Agreement, but formal negotiations have not started yet.

Negotiations on an EU-China Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) started in 2007. This draft framework agreement covers several Home Affairs issues, including readmission and visas.

China is considered a priority country of the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM). At the 14th EU-China Summit in February 2012 both sides agreed to explore the possibilities of facilitating mobility for Chinese and EU citizens, strengthen cooperation on illegal immigration, and pay special attention to the question of mutual visa exemption for holders of diplomatic passports. The 15th EU-China Summit reiterated these objectives, while calling for the launch of an EU-China High Level Dialogue on Migration and Mobility; an initiative which is underway in line with the GAMM.


The EU-India Strategic Partnership is implemented through the EU-India Joint Action Plan (JAP) , revised in 2008 , which features such Home Affairs issues as terrorism , organised crime, migration and consular issues. Home Affairs are also a regular part of the EU-India Summits.

The importance of migration cooperation with India is underlined in the Stockholm Programme . A High Level EU-India Dialogue on Migration and Mobility was launched in 2006, and has met several times since, lastly in Delhi in July 2012. The High Level Dialogue has been gradually expanded since the December 2010 EU-India Summit emphasised the importance of movement of people, and agreed to deepen cooperation by establishing a regular, comprehensive and structured dialogue on migration issues. India is considered a priority country of the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility, and in this context cooperation with this country is being strengthened.