Migration and Home Affairs

Explosives precursors

On 2 September 2014, Regulation (EU) No 98/2013 on the marketing and use of explosives precursors entered into force with a view to enhancing the protection of citizens from the threat of terrorism.

Regulation 98/2013 on explosives precursors

The Regulation (EU) No 98/2013 on the marketing and use of explosives precursors harmonises rules across Europe on the making available, introduction, possession and use, of certain substances or mixtures that could be misused for the illicit manufacture of explosives.

The Regulation restricts the access to, and use of, seven chemical substances by members of the general public ('restricted explosives precursors,' listed in Annex I). Member States may decide to grant access by the public to these substances only through a system of licenses and registration. In addition, the Regulation introduces obligations for economic operators who place such substances on the market. From now on, operators must ensure the appropriate labelling of restricted explosives precursors, and must also report any suspicious transactions involving both the restricted substances and other non-restricted substances which are also considered of concern (eight, listed in Annex II).

Under the Regulation, each Member State is expected to designate a competent authority and adopt its own measures to implement the restrictions and, if it opts to have one, a licensing or registration regime. The competent authority in each Member State is also required to set up its own national contact point(s) for the reporting of suspicious transactions. The Commission is tasked with making the list of measures notified by Member States publicly available and with drawing up guidelines to facilitate the implementation of the Regulation.

The Standing Committee on Precursors (SCP), an expert group chaired by the Commission and composed of representatives of Member States and of industry associations, assists the Commission in its work to facilitate and harmonise the implementation of the Regulation.

Implementation in the EU/EEA Member States

All EU/EEA Member States must adopt measures and designate authorities to implement and enforce the provisions of the Regulation. The following documents are revised regularly on the basis of notifications received from Member States:

More information for some EU/EEA countries is available below:

Austria Public overview of measures
Website of the competent authority
Website of the Austrian Economic Chambers
Belgium Website of the competent authority (FR - NL - DE - EN)
Website of the Federation of Enterprises in Belgium (VBO/nlFEB/fr)
Bulgaria Decree 283 of 29.12.2015
Croatia Website of the competent authority
Cyprus Website of the competent authority
Czech Republic Website of the competent authority
Denmark Website of the competent authority
Estonia Website of the competent authority
Finland Website of the competent authority
Ireland Website of the competent authority
Lithuania Website of the competent authority
Luxembourg Website of the national authority
Netherlands Website of the competent authority
Norway Public overview of measures
Regulation 588 of 2 June 2015 (English)
Website of the competent authority
Slovakia Website of the competent authority
Slovenia Website of the competent authority
Sweden Website of the competent authority
Switzerland [non-EEA] Website of the competent authority (DEFRIT)
United Kingdom Public overview of measures for Great Britain
Public overview of measures for Northern Ireland
Website of the competent authority

Guidance materials

The Standing Committee on Precursors (SCP) has issued a Guidelines document, available in English only, which provides guidance to Member State competent authorities and to economic operators in the implementation of the requirements contained in the Regulation. The SCP Guidelines also offer advice on good practice to economic operators.

In addition, guidance materials for economic operators have been prepared by four partner countries, through a project co-funded by the Prevention of and Fight against Crime (ISEC) programme of DG Migration and Home Affairs: