As of 2018, five Western Balkan countries and three Eastern Partnership countries now benefit from visa liberalisation to the EU Schengen area. These countries are deemed safe and well-governed, and have been required to meet several criteria in policy areas such as borders, migration and asylum management, security, external relations and fundamental rights. The European Migration Network (EMN) has now released a study on the impacts on countries of destination, providing insights into trends in 25 EU countries and Norway, following visa liberalisation for nationals of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, North Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine.
“Whether migration is good or bad? is the wrong question - the pertinent question is how much - and what kind of composition - is best?” stated Sir Paul Collier, author of the book “Exodus: How migration is changing our world” (2013). This question marks the starting point for discussion on the key components of a sustainable migration approach, committed to the regulation of migration flows.
Migration is sustainable when:
• It has a democratic mandate i.e. when the volume and composition of migrants are acceptable to the population
• the outcomes of decisions made result in no regrets by all parties involved
• the duty of rescue for both refugees and the ‘bottom billion’ is fulfilled
The conference Sustainable Migration in Europe, organised by the EMN Norway, presented the main pillars of this approach, making it relevant to the current migration policies and debates on sustainable migration in Europe.
The effective integration of first generation migrants from third countries into European host societies is a key and pressing challenge faced by EU Member States. What obstacles do first generation third-country nationals face when looking for a job in the EU? What approaches are Member States taking to help these migrants to integrate into the labour market and society at large? What are the main challenges for both the public and private sectors? Which initiatives have proved to be the most effective, and why? The timely and highly relevant EMN Study on Labour Market Integration of Third-Country Nationals in EU Member States, provides a comprehensive picture based on information collected from 25 countries..
In 2014-2016, EU Member States and Norway experienced an unprecedented influx of incoming applicants for international protection: the number of applications for international protection lodged rose from 443 015 in 2013 to peak at 1 320 000 million in 2015 and 1 260 000 million in 2016, though the scale and timing of the peaks differed greatly across European countries.
The EMN study on 'Approaches to Unaccompanied Minors Following Status Determination in the EU plus Norway' explores the situation of almost 200 000 unaccompanied minors (UAMs) who have been granted a residence permit or issued a return decision, and the approaches established by the Member States and Norway to their integration or return.
To mark the occasion of its 10 year anniversary, the European Migration Network hosted its conference ‘Understanding Migration in the EU: past, present, future’ in Brussels on 15th May 2018, bringing together almost 200 policy makers, researchers and practitioners from EU and national governments, academic institutions, international organisations and from civil society. The key conlusions and a summary of the event are available for download.
The Anniversary Report takes stock of and presents key trends in asylum and migration flows and policy development over the last 10 years. The Report opens by highlighting how immigration has become an issue of increasing importance to publics across the EU over time, and how sentiments towards immigration from outside the EU have changed as the result of the war in Syria and other crises in the region, emphasising the importance of good migration management to ensure public confidence.
The EMN Annual Report on Migration and Asylum provides an overview of the most significant EU and national policies as well as legislative developments in the fields of migration and international protection that were developed in 2017.
This EMN study Challenges and practices for establishing the identity of third-country nationals in migration procedures is based on contribution from EMN National Contact Points in 26 Member States and Norway, collected via a common template to ensure comparability.
This EMN study offers a comprehensive overview of policies and practices on the functioning of resettlement, humanitarian admission programmes and schemes, as well as private sponsorship programmes for refugees in the EU Member States and Norway