1. Relocation is an intra-EU solidarity tool enabling the transfer of persons having already international protection status and of those who are in need of international protection from one EU Member State to another EU Member State, CH and NO participate as well.
2. Directive 2001/55/EC (Temporary Protection Directive) promotes in its Art. 1 in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons from third countries a balance of effort between EU Member States in receiving and bearing the consequences of receiving such persons.
3. The EU emergency relocation programme was implemented on the basis of two Council Decisions in September 2015 and 2016 in the context of Art. 78(3) TFEU, which allows the Council to adopt provisional measures in emergency situations as part of the emergency response system meaning a temporary distribution scheme for persons in clear need of international protection to ensure a fair and balanced participation of all EU Member States to this common effort, as indicated in the European Agenda on Migration of 13 May 2015. It was intended to alleviate the frontline EU Member States GR and IT from the disproportionate number of applicants for international protection who arrived on their territories in 2015-2016. Eligibility for the EU emergency relocation programme was limited to applicants who were in clear need of international protection and were nationals or stateless residents of those countries for which the EU-wide average recognition rate among decisions taken at first instance was 75 per cent or higher. The emergency relocation programme ended as of 26 September 2017.
4. Relocation should not be confused with resettlement which is an international solidarity and responsibility-sharing mechanism including the selection and transfer of refugees of any nationality, on a request from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), from a State in which they have sought protection to a third state which has agreed to admit them as refugees with permanent residence status. For further information see the entry ‘resettlement’ in this glossary.