Migration and Home Affairs

EMN: Labour shortages and the need for migration labour

On 10th November 2015, the European Migration Network published a study on "Determining labour shortages and the need for migration labour from third countries in the EU". The Study was based on contributions from EMN National Contact Points in 25 Member States, collected via common specifications.

  • Shortages of workers with relevant qualifications have become a major challenge affecting European competitiveness. In the context of rapid technological change, Europe’s declining population and ageing workforce mean that labour shortages are expected to increase in the future.
  • To promptly respond to this challenge, it is particularly important to anticipate labour market needs by carrying out labour market analyses, aimed at determining shortages and at monitoring labour market developments. On the basis of such analyses, managing labour migration, according to the economic needs, is a way to respond to such challenges.

The present study analyses (i) the role of labour migration as a channel to overcome labour shortages; (ii) the variety of instruments used to identify and monitor labour shortages at EU and national level (such as employer surveys, forecasts and qualitative studies), and (iii) the extent to which these instruments are used in designing labour migration policy at national level.

For more information:

Wednesday, 11 November, 2015