In the absence of a generally accepted definition under international law, “terrorism” can be defined as the intentional and systematic use of actions designed to provoke terror in the public as a
Today, the Commission moves ahead on its priority under the European Agenda on Security to prevent and combat terrorism. It adopted two proposals for Council Decisions authorising the Commission to sign, on behalf of the European Union, the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism, as well as the Additional Protocol to the Convention.
The adoption of the Additional Protocol is an important step towards strengthening the European response to terrorism and more specifically the threats posed by foreign terrorist fighters. The Commission takes the Protocol full into account when launching an impact assessment of the 2008 Council Framework Decision on combating terrorism later this year, as announced in the European Agenda on Security, with a view to updating it in 2016.
The Protocol implements certain provisions of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2178(2014) on foreign terrorist fighters, such as the criminalisation of traveling to third countries for terrorist purposes (e.g. for the purpose of receiving terrorist training), participating in the activities of a terrorist group and receiving training for terrorist purposes.
The provisions require all signatory parties to designate permanent contact points facilitating swift information exchange on those suspected of traveling abroad for terrorist purposes. So far, the EU has not signed the Convention nor its Additional Protocol, though it has implemented some of its provisions in the 2008 Framework Decision on Terrorism. As the Protocol is supplementary to the Convention, the Commission wants to sign both simultaneously, and hopes that both proposed Council Decisions can be adopted swiftly, paving the way for the implementation of the relevant provisions.