A fundamental right of every citizen of an EU State or another European Economic Area (EEA) State or Switzerland to freely move, reside and work within the territory of these States.
The European Commission today adopted its 7th bi-annual report on the functioning of the Schengen area. The report serves as a regular "health check" of the Schengen area and provides a clear overview as far as the situation at the external borders and functioning of Schengen is concerned. The reporting period (1 November 2014 – 30 April 2015) was marked by serious number of tragedies of migrants in the Mediterranean Sea and an increasing threat posed by radicalized persons, including foreign terrorist fighters. The report provides an overview of the measures taken to address these challenges, focusing on the actions taken within Schengen framework.
The report also examines the application of the Schengen acquis by the Member States, development and use of Eurosur and Schengen-related information systems, and functioning of the new Schengen evaluation mechanism that started to apply on 27 November 2014. It also provides an overview of developments in relation to visa policy and readmission agreements.
Commission's biannual reports provide the basis for a debate in the European Parliament and in the Council. They contribute to the strengthening of political guidance and cooperation between the Schengen countries.