Any entrance of a person from one country to another, whether voluntary or involuntary, authorised or unauthorised.
On 9 February, the European Commission adopted a second report assessing the application of rules on local border traffic at the external land borders of the Member States.
The Local Border Traffic Regulation adopted in 2006 (Regulation No 1931/2006), is an exception to the general rules on external border checks laid down in the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation No 562/2006). It allows Member States to negotiate bilateral agreements with neighbouring countries in order to facilitate cross border movements for social, economic and cultural exchange. Under such an agreement, a special permit can be granted to citizens living in the border areas, enabling them to cross the respective borders very regularly to stay for just a few hours or one or two days at a time.