There are two broad types of agency, each with different characteristics and raising different issues.
The European Commission presented today – for the first time – an overview of existing EU instruments regulating the collection, storage or exchange of personal data for the purpose of law enforcement or migration management. The communication clarifies the main purposes of these instruments, their structure, the types of personal data they cover, the list of authorities that have access to such data and the provisions governing data protection and retention.
Information management is at the heart of the functioning of the Schengen area and the internal market. Appropriate instruments are needed to allow a common visa and asylum policy to develop, and to prevent terrorist attacks and other forms of serious crime.