Migration and Home Affairs

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Communication on the future of EU Home Affairs policies

Communication on the future of EU Home Affairs policies

The European Commission is presenting today its vision on the future agenda for Home Affairs: there is a need to fully implement the agreed legislation and existing instruments, and to ensure that the EU is able to respond to opportunities and challenges ahead.

The Stockholm Programme that has framed Home Affairs policies in the years 2010 to 2014 is coming to an end. Significant progress has been made in the past five. But the work is not over yet.

Terrorism

In the absence of a generally accepted definition under international law, “terrorism” can be defined as the intentional and systematic use of actions designed to provoke terror in the public as a means to certain ends. Terrorism can be the act of an individual or a group of individuals acting in their individual capacity or with the support of a State.

Return

In a general sense, the act or process of going back to the point of departure. This could be within the territorial boundaries of a country, as in the case of returning internally displaced persons (IDPs) and demobilised combatants, or between a host country (either transit or destination) and a country of origin, as in the case of migrant workers, refugees, asylum-seekers and qualified nationals. There are subcategories of return that can describe the way the return is implemented, e.g.

Refugee

A person who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country of his/her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him-/herself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his/her former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.

Readmission

Act by a State accepting the re-entry of an individual (own national, third-country national or stateless person).

Organised crime

Activities of large-scale criminal and terrorist networks, including terrorism, international drugs trafficking, trafficking in human beings, counterfeiting of the euro currency and payment cards, fraud, corruption, money laundering and other activities related to the presence of organised crime groups in the economy, as well as cybercrime, VAT fraud and other sophisticated crimes that abuse modern technology.

Migration flow

The number of migrants crossing a boundary, within a specific time period, for the purpose of establishing residence.

Migration

The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border (international migration), or within a State (internal migration). It is a population movement, encompassing any kind of movement of people, whatever its length, composition and causes; it includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrants and persons moving for other purposes, including family reunification.

In the EU context, a broader-term of an immigration and emigration, i.e. the action by which a person either:

Migrant

A broader-term of an immigrant and emigrant, referring to a person who leaves one country or region to settle in another, often in search of a better life.

Management

Comprises three main tasks:

  • supervision and responsibility for increasing the performance of others,
  • allocating labour, material and capital to produce a high return,
  • decision making.

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