The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border (international migration), or within a State (internal migration). It is a population movement, encompassing any kind of movement of people, whatever its length, composition and causes; it includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrants and persons moving for other purposes, including family reunification.
In the EU context, a broader-term of an immigration and emigration, i.e. the action by which a person either:
A body established by Decision 2008/381/EC that serves to meet the information needs of Union institutions and of EU States’ authorities and institutions by providing up-to-date, objective, reliable and comparable information on migration and asylum, with a view to supporting policymaking in the EU in these areas. It also serves to provide the general public with information on these subjects.
A form of protection given by a State, on its territory, based on the principle of non-refoulement and internationally or nationally recognised refugee rights (e.g. access to employment, social welfare and health care). It is granted to a person who is unable or unwilling to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular, for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.
The European Migration Network (EMN) plays a key role in providing policymakers and the wider public with up-to-date, objective, reliable and comparable information on migration and asylum. This is essential for the EU to better respond to the challenges in these areas.