Migration and Home Affairs

Migration, Asylum and Borders

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W X

Voluntary return

The assisted or independent return to the country of origin, transit or third country based on the free will of the returnee.

Visa Information System (VIS)

A system for the exchange of visa data between Schengen States, which enables authorised national authorities to enter and update visa data and to consult these data electronically.

Shared management

For funds in "shared management", the Commission currently entrusts EU States with implementing programmes at national level. EU States then allocate these funds to end recipients (e.g. companies, farmers, municipalities, etc.). The EU State has primary responsibility for setting up a management and control system that complies with the requirements of the regulations, ensuring that this system functions effectively and also preventing, detecting, and correcting irregularities.

Return

In a general sense, the act or process of going back to the point of departure. This could be within the territorial boundaries of a country, as in the case of returning internally displaced persons (IDPs) and demobilised combatants, or between a host country (either transit or destination) and a country of origin, as in the case of migrant workers, refugees, asylum-seekers and qualified nationals. There are subcategories of return that can describe the way the return is implemented, e.g.

Resettlement

The transfer of refugees from the country in which they have sought refuge to another State that has agreed to admit them. The refugees will usually be granted asylum or some other form of long-term resident rights and, in many cases, will have the opportunity to become naturalised citizens. For this reason, resettlement is a durable solution as well as a tool for the protection of refugees. It is also a practical example of international burden- and responsibility-sharing.

Refugee

A person who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country of his/her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him-/herself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his/her former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.

Protection

A concept that encompasses all activities aimed at obtaining full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the letter and spirit of human rights, refugee and international humanitarian law. Protection involves creating an environment conducive to respect for human beings, preventing and/or alleviating the immediate effects of a specific pattern of abuse, and restoring dignified conditions of life through reparation, restitution and rehabilitation.

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