Migration and Home Affairs

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Joint EU resettlement programme: increasing resettlement of refugees in Europe

Joint EU resettlement programme: increasing resettlement of refugees in Europe

The European Parliament adopted today the 'Joint EU Resettlement Programme' presented by the Commission in 2009.

The EU wide resettlement scheme is a considerable step towards concrete engagements and increased cooperation regarding resettlement of refugees to Europe.

Resettlement Programme

Voluntary programmes through which EU States aim to provide international protection and a durable solution in their territories to refugees and displaced persons identified as eligible for resettlement by UNHCR, and that include actions the EU States implement to assess the resettlement needs and transfer the persons concerned to their territories, with a view to granting them a secure legal status and to promoting their effective integration.

Resettlement

The transfer of refugees from the country in which they have sought refuge to another State that has agreed to admit them. The refugees will usually be granted asylum or some other form of long-term resident rights and, in many cases, will have the opportunity to become naturalised citizens. For this reason, resettlement is a durable solution as well as a tool for the protection of refugees. It is also a practical example of international burden- and responsibility-sharing.

Regional Protection Programme

Designed to enhance the protection capacity of the regions involved - both regions of origin and transit - and to improve refugee protection through durable solutions (return, local integration or resettlement in a non-EU country).

Refugee status

The recognition by an EU State of a non-EU national or stateless person as a refugee.

Refugee

A person who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country of his/her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him-/herself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his/her former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.

Protection

A concept that encompasses all activities aimed at obtaining full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the letter and spirit of human rights, refugee and international humanitarian law. Protection involves creating an environment conducive to respect for human beings, preventing and/or alleviating the immediate effects of a specific pattern of abuse, and restoring dignified conditions of life through reparation, restitution and rehabilitation.

Management

Comprises three main tasks:

  • supervision and responsibility for increasing the performance of others,
  • allocating labour, material and capital to produce a high return,
  • decision making.

Host country

The EU State in which a non-EU national takes up legal residence.

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