Migration and Home Affairs

EASO

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W X

Relocation

The transfer of persons having a status defined by the Geneva Convention or subsidiary protection within the meaning of Directive 2011/95/EC from the EU State which granted them international protection to another EU State where they will be granted similar protection and of persons having applied for international protection from the EU State which is responsible for examining their application to another EU State where their applications for international protection will be examined.

Management

Comprises three main tasks:

  • supervision and responsibility for increasing the performance of others,
  • allocating labour, material and capital to produce a high return,
  • decision making.

International protection

The actions by the international community on the basis of international law, aimed at protecting the fundamental rights of a specific category of persons outside their countries of origin, who lack the national protection of their own countries.

According to Directive 2011/95/EU, "international protection" means the recognition by an EU State of a non-EU national or a stateless person as a refugee or as a person eligible for subsidiary protection.

EU agency

There are two broad types of agency, each with different characteristics and raising different issues. "Regulatory" or "traditional" agencies have a variety of specific roles, set out in their own legal basis, case-by-case (e.g. European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders - FRONTEX). Executive agencies are set up under a Council regulation adopted in 2002 with the much more narrowly defined task of helping to manage EU programmes (e.g. Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency - EACEA).

Country of origin

The country that is a source of migratory flows (regular or irregular).

According to Directive 2004/83/EC, ""country of origin"" means the country or countries of nationality or, for stateless persons, of former habitual residence.

Common European Asylum System (CEAS)

The establishment of a common asylum procedure and a uniform status for those who are granted asylum or subsidiary protection in the EU, as well as strengthening practical cooperation between national asylum administrations and the external dimension of asylum.

Asylum seeker

A non-EU national or a stateless person who has made an application for asylum in respect of which a final decision has not yet been taken.

Asylum application

An application made by a non-EU national or a stateless person that can be understood as a request for international protection from an EU State, under the Geneva Convention. Any application for international protection is presumed to be an application for asylum unless a non-EU national or a stateless person explicitly requests another kind of protection that can be applied for separately.

Asylum

A form of protection given by a State, on its territory, based on the principle of non-refoulement and internationally or nationally recognised refugee rights (e.g. access to employment, social welfare and health care). It is granted to a person who is unable or unwilling to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular, for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.

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