Migration and Home Affairs

Canada (int aff)

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W X

Push method

Method of transmission of data whereby, for example, PNR data are transmitted by the carrier to the national authority instead of the national authority obtaining access to the reservation system of the air carrier and taking the data (pull method).

Organised crime

Activities of large-scale criminal and terrorist networks, including terrorism, international drugs trafficking, trafficking in human beings, counterfeiting of the euro currency and payment cards, fraud, corruption, money laundering and other activities related to the presence of organised crime groups in the economy, as well as cybercrime, VAT fraud and other sophisticated crimes that abuse modern technology.

Migration

The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border (international migration), or within a State (internal migration). It is a population movement, encompassing any kind of movement of people, whatever its length, composition and causes; it includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrants and persons moving for other purposes, including family reunification.

In the EU context, a broader-term of an immigration and emigration, i.e. the action by which a person either:

Immigration

The action by which a person establishes his or her usual residence in the territory of an EU State for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at least 12 months, having previously been usually resident in another EU State or a non-EU country.

Adequacy decision

A decision adopted by the European Commission on the basis of Directive 95/46/EC, which establishes that a non-EU country ensures an adequate level of protection of personal data by reason of its domestic law or the international commitments it has entered into.

The effect of such a decision is that personal data can flow from all EU States and the European Economic Area member countries (Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland) to that non-EU country, without any further safeguards.

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