Migration and Home Affairs

Africa

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W X

Tripoli conclusions

At the Tripoli EU-Africa Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development in November 2006, Africa and the EU adopted for the first time a joint strategy, in the form of the Tripoli Declaration, to respond to the challenges and maximise the benefits of international migration.

Refugee

A person who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country of his/her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him-/herself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his/her former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.

Rabat process

A regional process that was launched with a ministerial conference in Rabat in July 2006, which set up a framework for comprehensive action on migration and development with Western Africa.

Organised crime

Activities of large-scale criminal and terrorist networks, including terrorism, international drugs trafficking, trafficking in human beings, counterfeiting of the euro currency and payment cards, fraud, corruption, money laundering and other activities related to the presence of organised crime groups in the economy, as well as cybercrime, VAT fraud and other sophisticated crimes that abuse modern technology.

Mobility partnership

Provide the overall framework for managing various forms of legal movement between the EU and non-EU countries. Such partnerships are agreed with those non-EU countries committed to fighting illegal immigration and that have effective mechanisms for readmission.

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