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Migration and Home Affairs

relocation

Definition(s)

Source(s)

  • In the general EU-context, the transfer of persons having a status defined by the Geneva Refugee Convention and Protocol or subsidiary protection within the meaning of Directive 2011/95/EU (Recast Qualification Directive) from the EU Member State which granted them international protection to another EU Member State where they will be granted similar protection, and of persons having applied for international protection from the EU Member State which is responsible for examining their application to another EU Member State where their applications for international protection will be examined.
  • In the context of the EU emergency relocation programme, the transfer of persons in clear need of international protection, as defined in Council Decision 2015/1601 and 2016/1754, having applied for international protection from the EU Member State, CH or NO which is responsible for examining their application to another EU Member State, CH or NO where their application for international protection will be examined.
  • General EU context: DG Home e-Library Glossary
  • Context of EU emergency relocation programme: Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece andCouncil Decision (EU) 2016/1754

    Translations

    • BG: преместване/ релокация
    • CS: relokace
    • DE: Umsiedlung (EU-acquis); Umverteilung
    • EL: μετεγκατάσταση
    • EN: relocation
    • ES: reubicación
    • ET: ümberpaigutamine
    • FI: sisäinen siirto
    • FR: relocalisation
    • GA: athshocrú
    • HU: relokáció / áthelyezés
    • IT: ricollocazione
    • LT: perkėlimas
    • LV: pārcelšana
    • MT: rilokazzjoni
    • NL: herplaatsing
    • PL: relokacja
    • PT: recolocação
    • RO: relocare
    • SK: premiestnenie (EU acquis); relokácia
    • SL: premestitev
    • SV: omplacering
    • NO: relokalisering

    Synonym(s)

    • emergency relocation

    Broader Term(s)

    Related Term(s)

    Note(s)

    1. Relocation is an intra-EU solidarity tool enabling the transfer of persons having already international protection status and of those who are in need of international protection from one EU Member State to another EU Member State, CH and NO participate as well.
    2. Directive 2001/55/EC (Temporary Protection Directive) promotes in its Art. 1 in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons from third countries a balance of effort between EU Member States in receiving and bearing the consequences of receiving such persons.
    3. The EU emergency relocation programme was implemented on the basis of two Council Decisions in September 2015 and 2016 in the context of Art. 78(3) TFEU, which allows the Council to adopt provisional measures in emergency situations as part of the emergency response system meaning a temporary distribution scheme for persons in clear need of international protection to ensure a fair and balanced participation of all EU Member States to this common effort, as indicated in the European Agenda on Migration of 13 May 2015. It was intended to alleviate the frontline EU Member States GR and IT from the disproportionate number of applicants for international protection who arrived on their territories in 2015-2016. Eligibility for the EU emergency relocation programme was limited to applicants who were in clear need of international protection and were nationals or stateless residents of those countries for which the EU-wide average recognition rate among decisions taken at first instance was 75 per cent or higher. The emergency relocation programme ended as of 26 September 2017.
    4. Relocation should not be confused with resettlement which is an international solidarity and responsibility-sharing mechanism including the selection and transfer of refugees of any nationality, on a request from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), from a State in which they have sought protection to a third state which has agreed to admit them as refugees with permanent residence status. For further information see the entry ‘resettlement’ in this glossary.