Migration and Home Affairs

Settling In 2018 – a joint EU-OECD report on integration of migrants

Monday, 10 December, 2018

On 9 December 2018, the European Commission (DG Migration and Home Affairs) and the OECD (International Migration Division) released the report "Settling In 2018: Indicators of Immigrant Integration". This second edition (after the first one in 2015) provides a comprehensive international comparison of integration outcomes of immigrants and their children.

The report monitors 74 indicators in the areas of skills and labour; living conditions; civic engagement and social integration in all EU and OECD countries, as well as in selected non-OECD G20 countries. It therefore provides policy makers with benchmarks so that they can relate results in their own country with those of other countries and identify good practices. This should help countries to design better policies for a more effective integration of migrants and their children, to the benefit of both receiving societies and migrants themselves.

In 2010, the EU Member States adopted, under the Spanish Presidency, Common indicators to monitor the integration of third-country nationals in four areas: employment, education, social inclusion and active citizenship. Therefore, a specific chapter of the "Settling In 2018" report is devoted to the situation of third-country nationals in the European Union and can be used for the monitoring of the so called 'Zaragoza' indicators.

As regards third-country nationals in the EU, the report identifies both progress and remaining challenges. Some of the key findings include:

  • In 2017, the EU was home to 21.6 million third-country nationals, accounting for 4.2% of the total population. Almost half of third-country nationals in the EU have lived in their host country for 10 years or longer.
  • The majority of (working-age) third-country nationals residing in the EU are in employment (55%) though there is a persisting gap (13 % points) compared to host-country nationals (68%) – which is even more pronounced among women.
  • Progress has been recorded in the area of education: young (18-24) from third-countries are much less likely to leave school early without diploma (23%) than ten years ago (34%) – although the rate remains much higher than among host-country nationals (10%).
  • Among third-country national adults, the share of those with low level of education remains much higher (44%) than among nationals (21%). However, progress has been recorded at all levels of education and in 2017, a quarter of third-country nationals residing in the EU were highly educated - a share only 5 percentage points lower than among nationals.
  • A large number of third-country nationals – 5.7 million – live in relative poverty (i.e. income below the poverty threshold). That number translates into a 39% share, over twice nationals’ 17%. In most EU member States, more than one-third of third-country nationals live in poverty.
  • Finally, in all EU (and OECD) countries, more than 80% of immigrants report feeling "close or very close" to their host-country. However, EU-wide, almost one in five third-country nationals feel that they belong to a group that is discriminated against on the grounds of ethnicity, nationality or race.

The report also includes two specific chapters on young people with an immigrant background (including native-born with foreign-born parents) and a chapter on gender differences.

The underlying statistical data can be downloaded directly by using the dynamic link below each table and figure in the publication.

For more information