Any non-EU national who has long-term resident status as provided for under Directive 2003/109/EC.
The European Commission published on 13 April 2018 the results of the special Eurobarometer survey 469 on "Integration of immigrants in the European Union"
According to the results only a minority (37%) of Europeans think that they are well informed about immigration and integration related matters. Respondents also tend to overestimate the number of non-EU immigrants: in 19 out of the 28 Member States, the estimated proportion of immigrants in the population is at least twice the actual proportion and in some countries the ratio is much is higher.
The results show that around six in ten (61%) respondents interact weekly with immigrants, whether this is exchanging a few words or doing an activity together in one or two different contexts. A similar proportion of respondents (57%) say they would feel comfortable having any type of social relations with immigrants (manager, work colleague, neighbour, doctor, family member including partner, friend). As a matter of fact, four in ten (40%) European do have either friends or family members who are immigrants.
Just over half (54%) of Europeans think that integration of immigrants is successful but the figures varies widely between countries. There seems to be a link to the actual share of immigrants in a country’s total population: in countries which have a low proportion of non-EU immigrants in their population, respondents are less likely to see integration as a success or feel that immigrants have had a positive impact on their society.
Europeans tend to agree on the main factors that may facilitate or prevent integration of immigrants as well as on policy measures that would support it such as offering language courses upon arrival (88%), improving integration programmes (85%) or supporting job finding(83%). Moreover, about seven in ten (69%) Europeans say that integrating immigrants is a necessary investment in the long-run for their country and similar proportion view integration as a two way process in which both host society and immigrants are responsible.
Finally, a majority of Europeans agree that many different actors play a vital role in the integration of immigrants including the European Union (80%). The European Union's role is seen as important by a majority of respondents in all Member States, in particular in view of promoting better cooperation between actors involved, sharing best practices amongst Member States, establishing common measures on integration and providing financial support.
This survey was carried in the 28 Member States of the European Union between 21 and 30 October 2017. Some 28,080 residents in the EU, including both EU and non-EU citizens from different social and demographic categories were interviewed face-to-face at home and in the official languages of the respective country where the interviewing took place on behalf of the Directorate-General for Communication.