In the absence of a generally accepted definition under international law, “terrorism” can be defined as the intentional and systematic use of actions designed to provoke terror in the public as a
For the years 2014-20, the overall Home Affairs budget amounts to EUR 10.52 billion. The largest part of these resources consists of two big Home Affairs Funds and the remainder (EUR 2.36 billion) is reserved for the funding of the Home Affairs Agencies.
With an overall budget of EUR 6.9 billion, the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund and the Internal Security Fund will finance actions supporting EU Home Affairs policies in the period 2014-20 and through these actions build a more open and secure Europe.
In the implementation of the actions in the fields of asylum, migration and integration and internal security and borders supported by these two Funds, the Commission will work closely together with EU States. For actions carried out at EU level, the Commission will also directly cooperate with international and civil society organisations via grants and public contracts that are awarded through calls for proposals and procurement procedures respectively. At times, also calls for experts are organised to provide opinions and advice on specific topics.
As of 2015, DG Migration and Home Affairs manages also the funding for research and innovation activities needed to protect our citizens, society and economy as well as our infrastructures and services. Such activities are funded under one of the Societal Challenges of Horizon 2020, EU Research and Innovation programme running from 2014 to 2020. The Societal Challenge "Secure societies – Protecting freedom and security of Europe and its citizens" has a budget of about 1.7 billion Euros until 2020, which is divided between DG HOME (75% of the budget), and DG CNECT (25% of the budget).
At the same time, Europe for Citizens programme with the aim to contribute to citizens' understanding of the EU, its history and diversity and foster European citizenship and improve conditions for civic and democratic participation at EU level became part of the DG porfolio.
We provide support to both national and EU level actions through programmes carried out under the “Asylum, Migration and Integration”, “Internal Security” Funds, Horizon 2020 and the Europe for Citizens programme.