Caused by natural events, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, storms, hurricanes, tsunamis.
The primary aims of the Secure Societies Challenge are:
The Commission's R&D support for the sector is carried out via annual calls for security research topics, with one call launched each year, usually around March.
Research topics aim to support the EU's security priorities. They give rise to projects lasting anywhere from one to four years.
Grants vary from modest amounts for academic inquiry and studies to large-scale technology demonstration projects with budgets of EUR 20 million or more. The security research programme will disburse more during the second half of its budgetary period to correspond with the larger-scale projects that are taking off during that time.