All EU countries except for Denmark participate in the RF. The RF is mainly implemented by EU countries through shared management. Each EU State implements the Fund through national annual programmes on the basis of multiannual programming. These programmes are prepared, implemented, monitored and evaluated by EU countries in partnership with other designated authorities and bodies. These programmes are drawn up on the basis of strategic guidelines defined at EU level. Up to 50 % of the cost of the actions can be co-financed by the Funds. Under specific conditions (for Cohesion Fund countries and actions falling within specific priorities), the EU co-financing can reach 75 %. In each beneficiary State, the national authority responsible for the management of the Funds provides information on programme implementation, on the national annual programmes and on the beneficiaries of the Fund.
Each year the resources under the Fund are distributed to the EU countries in accordance with the criteria laid down in the basic act. The Commission has issued a report on the calculations made for the budget years 2007-2011: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the application of the criteria for the distribution of resources among the EU countries under the External Borders Fund, the European Fund for the Integration of third-country nationals and the European Return Fund.
The report, which is requested by the Fund's legal basis, has been transmitted to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.
The Commission report is complemented by the national evaluation reports submitted by all EU countries participating in the implementation of the Fund and with two studies.
National evaluation reports: