Migration and Home Affairs

Small arms and light weapons (SALW)

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Small arms and light weapons range from clubs, knives and machetes to, for example, mortars below the calibre of 100 mm. They are manufactured to military specifications for use as lethal instruments of war. Broadly speaking, small arms are those weapons designed for personal use, and light weapons are those designed for use by several persons serving as a crew. Based on this broad definition, the weapons are categorized as follows:

Small arms:

  • revolvers and self-loading pistols,
  • rifles and carbines,
  • sub-machine-guns,
  • assault rifles,
  • light machine-guns.

Light weapons:

  • heavy machine-guns,
  • hand-held under-barrel and mounted grenade launchers,
  • portable anti-aircraft guns,
  • portable anti-tank guns, recoilless rifles,
  • portable launchers of anti-tank missile and rocket systems,
  • portable launchers of anti-aircraft missile systems,
  • mortars of calibres of less than 100 mm,
  • ammunition and explosives,
  • cartridges (rounds) for small arms,
  • shells and missiles for light weapons,
  • mobile containers with missiles or shells for single-action anti-aircraft and anti-tank systems,
  • anti-personnel and anti-tank hand grenades,
  • landmines,
  • explosives.