Migration and Home Affairs
National Contact Points (NCPs) on Integration

A network of authorities responsible for integration issues that facilitates efficient contacts between EU States.

National Contact Points on Integration
AT/DE/LU: Nationale Kontaktstellen für Integration
BG: Национални точки за контакт по интеграция
CS: národní kontaktní body na integraci
EE: integratsiooni riiklikud kontaktpunktid
ES: puntos de contacto nacional de integración
FI: kotouttamisasioiden kansalliset yhteyspisteet
FR/BE/LU: Points de contact nationaux en matière d’intégration
GR: Εθνικά Σημεία Επαφής για την Ένταξη
HU: nemzeti integrációs kapcsolattartó pontok
IE: Pointí Teagmhála Náisiúnta ar Imeascadh
IT: Punti di contatto nazionali sull'integrazione
LT: Nacionalinis integracijos informacijos centras
LV: nacionālie integrācijas kontaktpunkti
MT: Punti ta' Kuntatt Nazzjonali fuq l-Integrazzjoni
NL/BE: nationale contactpunten voor integratie
NO: nasjonale kontaktpunkter på integreringsfeltet (b) / nasjonale kontaktpunkt på integreringsfeltet (n)
PL: Krajowe punkty kontaktowe ds. Integracji
PT: Pontos de Contacto Nacionais de Integração
RO: punctele naţionale de contact pentru integrare
SE: nationella kontaktpunkter på integrationsområdet
SI: Nacionalne kontaktne točke za integracijo
SK: národné kontaktné body pre integráciu

A network of authorities responsible for integration issues which serves to facilitate exchange of information and good practice at EU level with the purpose of finding successful solutions for integration of immigrants in all Member States and to ensure policy coordination and coherence at national level and with EU initiatives.

Synonym(s): NCPI

Broader Term: integration

Related Term: European Migration Network

1. The network was created by the European Commission following the conclusions of the Council of Justice and Home Affairs (JAI) of October 2002.
2. The National Contact Points on Integration consider inter alia employment, education, language, health, housing, culture and participation. The network's long-term objective is to develop and reinforce the European framework for integration, in order to define basic common principles and objectives, to determine assessment measures, and to reinforce the coordination of national and European integration policies.
3. One output which the National Contact Points on Integration are very much involved in are the Handbooks on Integration. For more information, see: http://ec.europa.eu/ewsi/UDRW/images/items/docl_1214_371021031.pdf

Source:European Website on Integration

national cooperation mechanism

Please see entry for national referral mechanism

national liaison officer

Please see entry for Immigration Liaison Officer

national referral mechanism
AT/LU: nationaler Über-weisungsmecha-nismus
BG: национален механизъм за насочване
CS: národní referenční mechanismus
DE: nationaler Überweisungsmechanismus
EE: nõustamisele suunamise riiklik mehhanism
ES: Mecanismo nacional de derivación
FI: kansallinen ohjautumisjärjestelmä
FR/BE/LU: mécanisme national d'orientation
HU: nemzeti áldozatirányítási rendszer
IE: meicníocht náisiúnta atreorúcháin
IT: meccanismo nazionale di riferimento
LT: nacionalinis nukreipimo mechanizmas
LV: nacionālais nosūtīšanas mehānisms
MT: Mekkaniżmu nazzjonali għal riferiment / ta’ referenza
NL/BE: nationaal verwijsmechanisme
NO: nasjonal henvisningsordning (b) / nasjonal tilvisingsordning (n)
PL: krajowy mechanizm referencyjny
PT: sistema de referenciação nacional
RO: mecanism naţional de sesizare
SE: no usual translation
SI: nacionalni mehanizem za opozarjanje
SK: národný referenčný mechanizmus

Mechanism aimed at identifying, protecting and assisting victims of trafficking in human beings, through referral, and involving relevant public authorities and civil society.

Synonym(s): national cooperation mechanism, NRM

Related Term: national rapporteur or equivalent mechanism

1. This definition was derived for the purpose of EMN: Identification of victims of trafficking in human beings in international protection and forced return procedures with the support of the Office of the Anti-Trafficking Coordinator.
2. The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) defines an NRM as a cooperative framework at national level by which state actors coordinate their efforts in a strategic partnership with civil society to identify, protect and assist victims of trafficking in human beings to ensure that the human rights of trafficked persons are respected and to provide an effective way to refer victims of trafficking to services. For more information, see OSCE: National referral mechanism: joining efforts to protect the rights of trafficked persons, 2004.
3. The National Rapporteurs or Equivalent Mechanisms (NREMs) are responsible for monitoring the implementation of anti-trafficking policy at the national level and play a key role in data collection on trafficking in human beings at national and EU level.

Source:Derived by EMN from the Conclusions on the new EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012-2016 of the 3195th Justice and Home Affairs Council meeting, October 2012


Please see entry for citizenship


Please see entry for ethnic nationality


The legal bond between a person and a State that does not indicate the person's ethnic origin.

Natural crisis

Caused by natural events, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, storms, hurricanes, tsunamis.

AT/DE/LU: Einbürgerung
BG: натурализация
CS: nabytí občanství
EE: naturalisatsioon
ES: adquisición de nacionalidad
FI: kansalaistaminen
FR/BE/LU: naturalisation
GR: πολιτογράφηση
HU: honosítás
IE: eadóirsiú; eadóirseacht
IT: naturalizzazione
LT: natūralizacija
LV: naturalizācija
MT: Naturalizzazzjoni
NL/BE: naturalisatie
NO: naturalisering
PL: naturalizacja
PT: naturalização
RO: obţinerea cetăţeniei/naturalizare
SE: naturalisation
SI: naturalizacija
SK: naturalizácia

Any mode of acquisition after birth of a nationality not previously held by the target person that requires an application by this person or their legal agent as well as an act of granting nationality by a public authority.

Broader Term: acquisition of citizenship

This definition does not include automatic acquisition that is not initiated by the individual concerned or their legal agent (even in cases where the individual has an option to decline this attribution of nationality) or acquisition of nationality based on a unilateral act by the target person (e.g. acquisition by declaration or option).

Source:EUDO Online Glossary on Citizenship and Nationality

net migration
AT/DE/LU: Nettomigration
BG: нетна миграция
CS: saldo migrace
EE: rändesaldo
ES: saldo migratorio
FI: nettomaahanmuutto
FR/BE/LU: solde migratoire
GR: δίκτυο μετανάστευσης
HU: nettó migráció
IE: imirce ghlan
IT: migrazione netta (o saldo migratorio)
LT: neto migracija
LV: migrācijas saldo
MT: Migrazzjoni netta
NL/BE: migratiesaldo (syn.: netto migratie)
NO: netto migrasjon
PL: migracja netto
PT: saldo migratório
RO: migraţia netă
SE: nettomigration
SI: neto migracija
SK: migračné saldo / čistá migrácia

The difference between immigration into and emigration from a given area during the year.

Related Term: crude net rate of migration, migration flow, population stock, total migration

1. Net migration is negative when the number of emigrants exceeds the number of immigrants.
2. Since many countries either do not have accurate figures on immigration and emigration or have no figures at all, net migration is frequently estimated as the difference between total population change and natural increase between two dates (in Eurostat’s database it is then called corrected net migration). The statistics on net migration are therefore affected by any statistical inaccuracies in any of the components used for their derivation.

Source:Eurostat's Concepts and Definitions Database

New Psyoactive Substance

A new psychoactive substance is defined as 'a new narcotic or psychotropic drug, in pure form or in preparation, that is not controlled by the United Nations drug conventions, but which may pose a public health threat comparable to that posed by substances listed in these conventions'.

Since 2005 a system is in place to detect new substances on the market and a mechanism to assess their risks and ban across the EU those substances that pose risks via the (Council Decision 2005/387/JHA on the information exchange, risk assessment and control of new psychoactive substances.) Given the rapid rise of new psychoactive substances, the system set up in 2005 is no longer effective and fast enough. Therefore, on 17 September 2013, following an impact assessment report, the Commission adopted a package of two legislative proposals to enable the EU to act swifter and more effectively to address new psychoactive substances and to take the necessary criminal justice measures. The European Parliament and the Council are actively discussing this package.

Non-cash means of payment

A corporeal instrument, other than legal tender (bank notes and coins), enabling, by its specific nature, alone or in conjunction with another (payment) instrument, the holder or user to transfer money or monetary value, as for example credit cards, eurocheque cards, other cards issued by financial institutions, travellers' cheques, eurocheques, other cheques and bills of exchange, which is protected against imitation or fraudulent use, for example through design, coding or signature.


Please see entry for alien and admission onto the territory

Non-EU migrant

A non-EU national entering (or within) the EU.

non-EU national

Please see entry for third-country national

non-EU national
AT/DE/LU: Nicht-EU-Bürger
BG: гражданин на трета страна
CS: občan třetí země
EE: Mitte-EL kodanik
ES: nacional de tercer país
FI: EU:hun kuulumattoman valtion kansalainen
FR/BE/LU: non-ressortissant d'un État membre
GR: υπήκοος εκτός Ε.Ε.
HU: nem EU-s állampolgár
IE: náisiúnach neamh-AE
IT: cittadino non comunitario
LT: ne ES pilietis
LV: persona bez ES pilsonības
MT: Ċittadin(a) ta' pajjiż barra l-UE / mhux fl-UE
NL/BE: derdelander (syn.: niet-EU onderdaan)
NO: borger av et land som ikke er medlem i EU (b) / borgar av eit land som ikkje er medlem i EU (n)
PL: obywatel państwa trzeciego
PT: nacionais de países terceiros
RO: cetăţean al unui stat terţ
SE: icke-EU-medborgare/tredjelandsmedborgare
SI: ne-državljan EU
SK: štátny príslušník tretej krajiny / osoba, ktorá nie je občanom EÚ

Any person not having the nationality of an EU Member State.

Narrower Term: third-country national
Related Term: alien, union citizen

This means that nationals of IS, LI, NO and CH are non-EU nationals, but they are not third-country nationals, as defined, primarily because they have the right to free movement.

Source:Derived by EMN from Art. 20(1) of TFEU

Non-EU national

Any person not having the nationality of an EU State.


Please see entry for alien and admission onto the territory

AT/DE/LU: Nichtzurückweisung, Non-refoulement, Schutz vor Zurückweisung, Verbot der Ausweisung und Zurückweisung
BG: non-refoulement/ забрана за експулсиране или връщане
CS: princip non-refoulement /princip nenavracení
EE: tagasisaatmise lubamatus/non-refoulement
ES: non-refoulement
FI: palauttamiskielto
FR/BE/LU: non-refoulement; interdiction de retour forcé (LU)
GR: μη- επαναπροώθηση
HU: visszaküldés tilalma
IE: neamh-refoulement
IT: non-refoulement
LT: negrąžinimas
LV: neizraidīšana
MT: Prinċipju (il-) ta' non-refoulement - li ma jsirx ritorn imġiegħel jew sfurzat
NL/BE: non-refoulement (syn.: het beginsel van niet-uitwijzing)
NO: vern mot utsendelse (b) / vern mot utsending (n)
PL: zasada non-refoulement/ zasada niewydalania
PT: non-refoulement
RO: non-refoulment/ nereturnare
SE: Principen om non-refoulement
SI: načelo nevračanja
SK: zásada zákazu vyhostenia alebo vrátenia / zásada non-refoulement / princíp nenavrátenia

In the global context, a core principle of international refugee and human rights
law that prohibits States from returning individuals to a country where there is a real risk of being subjected to persecution, torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or any other human rights violation.

In the refugee context, a core principle of international refugee law that prohibits States from returning refugees in any manner whatsoever to countries or territories in which their lives or freedom may be threatened on account of their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.

Related Term: refoulement


1. The principle of non-refoulement is a part of customary international law and is therefore binding on all States, whether or not they are parties to the Geneva Convention of 1951 and its Protocol of 1967.
2. In international law the prohibition on refoulement has been developed in various legal instruments, on both a global and a regional level, such as in Art. 3 of the Convention against Torture (CAT), in Art.7 of the ICCPR and Art. 3 of the ECHR.
Initially, the prohibition on refoulement was developed in relation to the protection of refugees.
3. The ECHR does not contain an explicit prohibition on refoulement. However, in particular, under Art. 3 of ECHR a refoulement prohibition has been developed by the case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR).
4. Art. 3 of the ECHR also prohibits indirect refoulement, the removal to a third - intermediary - country from which the individual may then be removed to the country in which he faces a real risk of the proscribed ill-treatment.
5. For further information see: Wouters, Cornelius Wolfram: International legal Standards for the Protection from Refoulement. - Leiden, 2009.



global context: developed by EMN

refugee context: Art. 33 of the Geneva Convention of 1951


Please see entry for national referral mechanism

nuclear family
AT/DE/LU: Kernfamilie
BG: семейно ядро
CS: jádro rodiny
EE: tuumikperekond
ES: familia nuclear
FI: ydinperhe
FR/BE/LU: famille nucléaire
GR: πυρήνας Οικογένειας
HU: nukleáris család
IE: teaghlach núicléach
IT: famiglia nucleare
LT: branduolinė šeima
LV: nukleārā ģimene
MT: Familja nukleari
NL/BE: kerngezin
NO: kjernefamilie
PL: rodzina nuklearna
PT: núcleo familiar
RO: familie nucleară
SE: kärnfamilj
SI: osnovna družina
SK: užšia rodina

The spouse and the Minor children of a family.

Related Term: family formation, family member, family reunification

This definition refers specifically to the context of family reunification only.

Source:Recital 9 of Council Directive 2003/86/EC (Family Reunification Directive)