Migration and Home Affairs

irregular migrant

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W X

Definition(s)

  • In the global context , a person who, owing to irregular entry , breach of a condition of entry or the expiry of their legal basis for entering and residing, lacks legal status in a transit or host country .
  • In the EU context , a third-country national present on the territory of a Schengen State who does not fulfil, or no longer fulfils, the conditions of entry as set out in the Regulation (EU) 2016/399 (Schengen Borders Code) or other conditions for entry, stay or residence in that EU Member State.
  • Source(s)

    Translations

    • BG: незаконен мигрант
    • CS: neregulérní migrant
    • DE: irregulärer Migrant
    • EL: παράτυπος μετανάστης
    • EN: irregular migrant
    • ES: inmigrante en situación irregular
    • ET: ebaseaduslikult riigis viibiv isik
    • FI: säännöstenvastaisesti / laittomasti maassa oleskeleva henkilö
    • FR: migrant en séjour irrégulier
    • GA: imirceach neamhrialta
    • HU: irreguláris migráns
    • IT: migrante irregolare
    • LT: neteisėtas migrantas
    • LV: neatbilstīgs migrants (EU acquis); nelikumīgs migrants (national)
    • MT: Migrant(a) irregolari
    • NL: illegaal verblijvende migrant / onregelmatig of irregulier verblijvende migrant
    • PL: migrant nieregularny
    • PT: imigrante irregular
    • RO: migrant ilegal
    • SK: neregulárny migrant / nelegálny migrant / migrant bez platného povolenia na pobyt
    • SL: nezakoniti migrant / ilegalni migrant
    • SV: irreguljär migrant
    • NO: irregulær migrant

    Synonym(s)

    • clandestine migrant
    • illegal migrant
    • insufficiently documented migrant
    • migrant in an irregular siuation
    • migrant with irregular status
    • unauthorised migrant
    • undocumented migrant

    Broader Term(s)

    Narrower Term(s)

    Related Term(s)

    Note(s)

    1. The IOM definition covers inter alia those persons who have entered a transit or host country lawfully but have stayed for a longer period than authorised or subsequently taken up unauthorised employment.
    2. 2. The term 'irregular' is preferable to 'illegal' migrant because the latter carries a criminal connotation, entering a country in an irregular manner, or staying with an irregular status, is not a criminal offence but an infraction of administrative regulations. Apart from this, juridically and ethically, an act can be legal or illegal but a person cannot. Thus more and more the term 'migrant in an irregular situation' or 'migrant with irregular status' is preferred.
    3. The European Commission has used the term 'third-country national found to be illegally present' or 'illegally resident/staying third-country national' in legislation.
    4. The Council of Europe differentiates between illegal migration and irregular migrant. Referring to Resolution 1509 (2006) of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly , ‘illegal’ is preferred when referring to a status or process, whereas 'irregular' is preferred