EU Health Policies

Implementation and financing

The European Union's public health strategy is implemented through:

  • legislation
  • financial instruments
  • EU-wide cooperation.


The EU can adopt health legislation under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union: Article 168 (protection of public health), Article 114 (approximation of laws) and Article 153 (social policy). Areas where the EU has legislated include:

The European Council can also address recommendations on public health to the member countries.

Financial instruments available to co-fund concrete actions


EU institutions, member countries, regional and local authorities and other stakeholders all contribute to the implementation of the health strategy.

  • Strategic health issues are discussed by representatives from the national authorities and the European Commission in the Council's senior-level working party on public health.
  • The EU health policy platform brings together stakeholder organisations active in the field of public health and healthcare.