State of Health in the EU

Country Health Profiles

Experts from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies (Observatory) prepared a set of 29 Country Health Profiles, covering all EU Member States, as well as Iceland and Norway. The State of Health in the EU’s Country Health Profiles are designed to be a one-stop-shop for knowledge and information on a country’s health system, put into the perspective of a cross-EU comparison. They are a comprehensive resource that covers the latest health policy challenges and developments in each country.

Each Country Health Profile provides

  • a short synthesis of the health status in the country
  • the determinants of health (focusing on behavioural risk factors)
  • an account of the organisation of the health system
  • an analysis of each health system’s effectiveness, accessibility and resilience.

This conceptual framework is based on the objectives set out in the Communication from the Commission on effective, accessible and resilient health systems.

The Country Health Profiles 2021 reflect the specific health system challenges in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. They provide an analytical account of the national health systems’ response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Whenever appropriate, the Country Health Profiles 2021 also link the analytical insights presented in the text to the most important EU health policy activities that are being implemented in the framework of the European Health Union, such as Europe’s Beating Cancer Plan, the Pharmaceutical Strategy for Europe and the European Health Data Space.

The Country Health Profiles are accompanied by a Companion Report.

Country Health Profiles 2021

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Translated versions of the Country Health Profiles will be uploaded as they become available in the coming days.

 Austria: German - English  Italy: Italian - English
 Belgium: English  Latvia: English
 Bulgaria: English  Lithuania : Lithuanian - English
 Croatia: English  Luxembourg: French - English
 Cyprus: Greek - English  Malta: English
 Czechia: Czech - English  Netherlands: English
 Denmark: English  Norway: English
 Estonia: English  Poland: Polish - English
 Finland: Finnish - English  Portugal: Portuguese - English
 France: French - English  Romania: English
 Germany: German - English  Slovakia: English
 Greece: English  Slovenia: English
 Hungary: English  Spain: Spanish - English
 Iceland: English  Sweden: Swedish - English
 Ireland: English

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