Electronic cross-border health services
The electronic cross-border health service is an infrastructure ensuring the continuity of care for European citizens while they are travelling abroad in the EU. This gives EU countries the possibility to exchange health data in a secure, efficient and interoperable way.
The following two electronic cross-border health services are currently progressively introduced in all EU countries:
- ePrescription (and eDispensation) allows EU citizens to obtain their medication in a pharmacy located in another EU country, thanks to the online transfer of their electronic prescription from their country of residence where they are affiliated, to their country of travel.
- Patient Summary provides information on important health related aspects such as allergies, current medication, previous illness, surgeries, etc. It is part of a larger collection of health data called electronic Health Record. The digital Patient Summary is meant to provide doctors with essential information in their own language concerning the patient, when the patient comes from another EU country and there may be a linguistic barrier. On a longer term, not only the basic medical information of the Patient Summary, but the full Health Record should become available across the EU. The exchange of ePrescriptions and Patient Summaries is open to all the Member States.
Both ePrescriptions and Patient Summaries can be exchanged between EU countries thanks to the new eHealth Digital Service Infrastructure (eHDSI).
By 2021, both services will gradually be implemented in 22 EU countries: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.
Which services are available in which countries?
Currently the Patient Summaries service is available in the following countries:
Luxembourg: doctors can access health data of citizens coming from Czech Republic (Jun. 2019), Malta (Dec. 2019)
Croatia: doctors can access health data of citizens coming from Czech Republic (Sept. 2019), Malta (24 Feb. 2020)
Czech Republic: Patient Summaries of Czech outgoing travellers can be seen by doctors in Luxembourg (Jun. 2019), Croatia (Sept. 2019)
Malta: Patient summaries of Maltese outgoing travellers can be seen by doctors in Luxembourg (Dec. 2019), Portugal (Jan. 2020), Croatia (24 Feb. 2020)
Portugal: doctors can access health data of citizens coming from Malta (Jan. 2020). Patient summaries of Portuguese outgoing travellers can be seen by doctors in Malta (21 Feb. 2020)
Currently the ePrescription service is available in the following countries:
- Finland: ePrescriptions of Finnish citizens can be retrieved in pharmacies in Estonia (Jan. 2019) and Croatia (Sept. 2019)
- Estonia: medicines can be retrieved in Estonian pharmacies with an ePrescription from Finland (Jan. 2019)
- Croatia: medicines can be retrieved in Croatian pharmacies with an ePrescription from Finland (Jan. 2019)