Revision of the EU legislation on blood, tissues and cells
- Directive 2002/98/EC on safety and quality of human blood and blood components, and
- Directive 2004/23/EC on safety and quality of human tissues and cells
and their implementing acts.
This revision comes after an evaluation of the legislation, published in October 2019, confirming that the legislation had improved safety and quality of blood, tissues and cells used for transfusion, transplantation or medically assisted reproduction. The evaluation also highlighted a number of gaps and short-comings which will be addressed to ensure the framework is up-to-date, fit for purpose and future-proof.
The initiative aims at
- updating the legislation in the direction of a more flexible alignment with scientific and technological developments
- tackling the (re-)emergence of communicable diseases, including lessons learnt from the COVID-19 pandemic
- focusing on the increasing commercialisation and globalisation of the sector
- removing from legislation many technical provisions, which will allow a faster update of standards
- possibly merging the basic acts into a single instrument.
The revision is planned to be adopted in the last quarter of 2021. The legal basis is provided by Article 168(4)(a) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
In line with the Commission’s Better Regulation Guidelines, the legislative proposal will be preceded by an Impact Assessment, including the following steps:
Inception Impact Assessment
The Commission published a roadmap describing the scope of the initiative, defining the problems and outlining possible policy options to be considered in the Impact Assessment.
Stakeholders, authorities and citizens were invited to submit comment on the roadmap up to 14 December 2020. The feedback period is now closed and, at the same link, the 82 submissions received are published. The feedback received will be taken into account as the Impact Assessment proceeds.
Stakeholder consultation is one of the key activities that will support the Impact Assessment for the revision of the BTC legislation. The aim is to collect views and opinions on the proposed policy options. Two consultations are currently open (from 21 January to 15 April 2021):
- An online public consultation: any individual or organisation is welcome to respond to that consultation. It is available in all EU languages. A summary will be published, together with individual submissions.
- In parallel to the public consultation, an online targeted consultation: this is aimed at organisations that are directly involved in, or impacted by, the BTC legislation and that are familiar with the legal framework. It is available in English but responses can be submitted in any EU language. Those targeted stakeholders are invited to complete both consultations, starting with the public consultation and then proceeding to complete the more detailed targeted one. A summary will be published, together with individual submissions.
- In addition, meetings with key stakeholder organisations will be organised to gather focused/specific input through direct interaction. Summary minutes will be published on the DG Health and Food Safety website
One or more external studies will be commissioned to gather evidence to support the Impact Assessment and will be published.
Drafting of legislative proposal
The Commission will draft a legislative proposal, based on the results of the Impact Assessment. Once adopted by the Commission, the proposal will proceed through the Co-decision process in the Parliament and the European Council.
The process can be followed on this web-page, where all details will be published as they become available.