Action at a Global Level
The EU is not alone in recognising the threat of AMR and is addressing this issue at the highest political level. Many countries outside of the EU, as well as international organisations, are tackling this issue. International cooperation is a key element of the AMR action plan. The recent G7 statements on this issue (from October 2015, June 2015 and April 2016) show that the scale of the problem requires a qualitative leap in international awareness and a concerted global governance effort.
At a global level, the Commission works closely with the World Health Organization (WHO). The EC actively contributed to the development of the global action plan on AMR by the WHO and is now engaged in the process of rolling it out.
The Commission and other European Institutions including the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), European Medicines Agency (EMA) and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) also cooperate closely with the governments and relevant specialised agencies of the USA, Canada and Norway in the Trans-Atlantic Task Force for Antimicrobial Resistance - TATFAR.
The Commission is also supporting activities by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to assess the economic impact of AMR and various policy options for addressing it.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) plays a key role in supporting government, producers, traders and other stakeholders to adopt measures to minimize the use of antimicrobials and to prevent the development of AMR.
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) also recognises that AMR is a global human and animal health concern and promotes the responsible and prudent use of antimicrobials to preserve their therapeutic efficacy in both animals and humans. OIE is engaged in preventing AMR worldwide through different actions, namely the promotion of responsible and prudent use of antimicrobial agents in veterinary medicine and better knowledge and monitoring of the quantities of antimicrobials used in animal husbandry.
WHO, FAO and OIE share responsabilities in the fight against anti-microbial resistance.
Also at international level, countries cooperate through an Intergovernmental Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance which reports to the Codex Alimentarius Commission.