Notification Detail

Decree relating to the reproduction, improvement and preservation of the genetic heritage of farmed animals

Notification Number: 2022/52/F (France )
Date received: 28/01/2022
End of Standstill: 29/04/2022

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bg cs da de el en es et fi fr hr hu it lt lv mt nl pl pt ro sk sl sv


Message 002

Communication from the Commission - TRIS/(2022) 00286
Directive (EU) 2015/1535
Translation of the message 001
Notification: 2022/0052/F

No abre el plazo - Nezahajuje odklady - Fristerne indledes ikke - Kein Fristbeginn - Viivituste perioodi ei avata - Καμμία έναρξη προθεσμίας - Does not open the delays - N'ouvre pas de délais - Non fa decorrere la mora - Neietekmē atlikšanu - Atidėjimai nepradedami - Nem nyitja meg a késéseket - Ma’ jiftaħx il-perijodi ta’ dawmien - Geen termijnbegin - Nie otwiera opóźnień - Não inicia o prazo - Neotvorí oneskorenia - Ne uvaja zamud - Määräaika ei ala tästä - Inleder ingen frist - Не се предвижда период на прекъсване - Nu deschide perioadele de stagnare - Nu deschide perioadele de stagnare.

(MSG: 202200286.EN)

1. Structured Information Line
MSG 002 IND 2022 0052 F EN 28-01-2022 F NOTIF


2. Member State
F


3. Department Responsible
Ministères économiques et financiers
Direction générale des entreprises
SQUALPI
Bât. Sieyès -Teledoc 143
61, Bd Vincent Auriol
75703 PARIS Cedex 13
d9834.france@finances.gouv.fr


3. Originating Department
Ministère de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation
Direction générale de la performance économique et environnementale des entreprises
MAA - DGPE/SDFE/SDFA/BLSA
3, rue Barbet de Jouy
75349 Paris 07 SP


4. Notification Number
2022/0052/F - C00A


5. Title
Decree relating to the reproduction, improvement and preservation of the genetic heritage of farmed animals


6. Products Concerned
Semen from purebred breeding animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine or caprine species


7. Notification Under Another Act
-


8. Main Content
The legislative part of the Rural and Maritime Fisheries Code (CRPM) on animal breeding has been brought into line with Regulation (EU) 2016/1012 of 8 June 2016 (‘Animal Breeding Regulation’ or ‘ABR’) by Order No 2021-485 of 21 April 2021 on the reproduction, improvement and preservation of the genetic heritage of farmed animals.
The rules for the application of the new legislative provisions must be determined by decree in the Council of State.
The reform consists of adapting the existing provisions of Chapter III of Title V of Book VI of the Rural and Maritime Fisheries Code to the new framework resulting from the ABR and to clarify, by new articles, how the subsidiarity provided for in that Regulation applies in France.
As regards the provisions of Subsection 1 of Section 4, which govern the reproduction of ruminants and pigs and in particular artificial insemination, the Decree reproduces in the same way the requirements of Articles 21 and 24 of the ABR, according to which semen from breeding animals must be accepted for artificial insemination carried out under breeding programmes:
— in the case of bovine animals: having undergone a genetic evaluation in accordance with Article 25, except where the ABR itself does not require such an assessment (Art. 21(1)(g) and Art. 21(7));
— in the case of swine, sheep or goats: having undergone a performance check or genetic evaluation in accordance with Article 25, except where the ABR itself does not require such a performance check or genetic evaluation (Art. 21(1)(g), Art. 21(7) and Art. 24(1)(d)).
The Decree also confirms an additional pre-existing requirement under French law that only semen from breeding animals entered in the main section of a herd book or, for hybrid pigs, registered in a breeding register, may be used for artificial insemination in ruminant and porcine holdings.
This requirement is compatible with the ABR: the regulation prohibits Member States from refusing the use in artificial insemination of semen satisfying the conditions laid down in Articles 21 and 24, but it does not prohibit the decision that only semen satisfying the conditions laid down in Articles 21 and 24 may be used for breeding on farms. This principle is in particular reflected in recital 56 of the ABR which states that the ABR “does not prohibit Member States from requiring that, when exchanged, semen of pure-bred breeding animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine species intended for artificial insemination for the production of animals which are not intended to become pure-bred breeding animals be accompanied by information on the quality and genealogy of the animal.”


9. Brief Statement of Grounds
According to the French authorities, the obligation to use, for artificial insemination, semen from breeding animals entered in the main section of a herd book or, for hybrid pigs, registered in a breeding register is necessary, in order to ensure that breeders have a minimum knowledge of the genealogy and performance of the male breeding animals which they are required to use.
The use of a bull for artificial insemination may, for example, lead to a very wide spread of its genetic heritage: he could indeed be the father, potentially, of several thousand calves each year.
If the use of a male for artificial insemination was not subject to any zootechnical condition, the national genetic heritage of farmed animals would be much less known and quality could be rapidly lost. However, animal genetics is a lever to enhance the health (resistance to pathologies, animal welfare), environmental (climate change adaptation, food efficiency) and economic performance of animal chains (productivity, quality).
II of the future Article R. 653-24 and III of the future Article R. 653-25 CRPM also provide for derogations from the aforementioned obligations, by order of the Minister responsible for agriculture, for the purposes of introgression of traits of interest, research or preservation of genetic diversity.


10. Reference Documents - Basic Texts
References to basic texts: Ordinance No 2021-485 of 21 April 2021 on the reproduction, improvement and preservation of the genetic heritage of farmed animals


11. Invocation of the Emergency Procedure
No


12. Grounds for the Emergency
-


13. Confidentiality
No


14. Fiscal measures
No


15. Impact assessment
-


16. TBT and SPS aspects
TBT aspect

NO - The draft does not have a significant impact on international trade.

SPS aspect

NO - The draft does not have a significant impact on international trade.

No - The draft is not a sanitary or phytosanitary measure.

**********
European Commission

Contact point Directive (EU) 2015/1535
Fax: +32 229 98043
email: grow-dir2015-1535-central@ec.europa.eu

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