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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Overall statistics for establishment

The statistics show the number of decisions taken on recognition of professional qualifications for the purpose of permanent establishment within the EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.

These statistics below cover decisions taken for all professions.
The type of decisions is indicated in the columns. The country where the qualification was obtained is indicated in the rows.

By default, the decisions taken by all host countries for all levels of directive and for all periods* are shown. It is also possible to filter statistics by period, by recognition regime, country and by generic profession.

*2005-2006 statistics (automatic recognition only) for "Sectoral professions" are available separately on the "Geography of mobility" page of each sectoral profession.

       

Decisions taken by host countries

The graph is based on the following criteria

Period from: All
Period to: All
Recognition regime: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All
Country of origin (qualification obtained in) (+)
Positive Automatic Sectoral Professions
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(+)
Automatic recognition of professional experience ('crafts')
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(+)
Positive Automatic General System (no compensation measures imposed)
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(+)
Positive after aptitude test (general system)
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(+)
Positive after adaptation period (general system)
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(-)
Negative Automatic Sectoral professions
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(-)
Negative Automatic General System and professional experience ('crafts')
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(-)
Negative after aptitude test (general system)
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(-)
Negative after adaptation period (general system)
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(0)
Appeal
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(0)
Undergoing adaptation period
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(+)
Positive partial access
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(-)
Negative partial access
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(0)
Being examined
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Decisions taken by host country (+)
Total positive
(-)
Total negative
(0)
Total neutral
Austria 7784 208 5025 718 391 56 493 108 7 32 252 1 2320 17395 14127 664 2604
Belgium 14406 309 10942 973 1673 351 1098 263 43 129 1176 239 2457 34059 28542 1755 3762
Bulgaria 5892 400 4446 317 604 261 1123 48 23 237 686 19 3 2536 16595 11678 1458 3459
Croatia 1555 31 1910 255 329 40 295 9 6 13 142 4 3 926 5518 4084 353 1081
Cyprus 572 3 395 19 11 4 153 6 2 2 36 1 137 1341 1001 165 175
Czech Republic 5635 375 4496 206 356 75 480 15 17 75 267 4 1055 13056 11072 587 1397
Denmark 13588 721 9633 185 570 71 1163 16 18 29 574 5 872 27445 24697 1273 1475
Estonia 2935 55 1961 133 132 11 393 6 1 17 114 474 6232 5216 411 605
Finland 3236 52 3142 63 97 19 384 4 5 48 53 591 7694 6590 412 692
France 22368 2322 10050 1571 1191 133 1765 271 36 64 1117 167 2 5203 46260 37669 2207 6384
Germany 48036 3302 27589 1659 2997 353 2996 111 47 168 1903 55 2 6822 96040 83638 3509 8893
Greece 12632 331 26183 406 400 161 3664 66 25 38 408 27 10 2916 47267 39979 3926 3362
Hungary 12149 435 7155 299 488 158 848 28 21 87 621 16 23 2021 24349 20542 1078 2729
Iceland 1725 98 1926 15 44 3 200 6 16 70 145 4248 3808 209 231
Ireland 6119 357 10756 1235 338 41 1876 53 36 63 365 8 1147 22394 18805 2014 1575
Italy 30155 764 9316 772 984 216 1897 111 53 255 1328 13 14 5160 51038 42004 2291 6743
Latvia 2289 40 1256 54 80 26 289 4 6 10 150 7 1 453 4665 3726 326 613
Liechtenstein 110 7 82 66 9 4 21 4 1 3 11 29 347 274 30 43
Lithuania 3708 196 4015 139 188 74 1025 13 21 23 240 8 1 1016 10667 8254 1134 1279
Luxembourg 191 257 206 69 8 1 46 19 5 13 88 903 731 66 106
Malta 723 3 637 24 13 5 44 3 1 24 120 1597 1400 52 145
Netherlands 6066 2892 10819 977 444 44 933 69 15 59 392 3 4 2628 25345 21201 1065 3079
Norway 1890 22 2442 59 70 37 389 5 2 42 57 3 563 5581 4486 433 662
Poland 18876 11693 28706 1266 2052 366 7685 169 152 218 2907 81 39 7110 81320 62674 8411 10235
Portugal 14780 938 6477 184 547 115 960 35 13 73 603 11 9 2311 27056 22937 1132 2987
Romania 27668 5763 24852 1063 1839 1408 2215 296 104 295 1870 44 15 7993 75425 61229 4038 10158
Slovakia 11170 1443 6479 701 353 103 969 27 14 11 831 4 1 1038 23144 20150 1114 1880
Slovenia 1151 45 1992 113 114 40 150 42 3 5 152 2 328 4137 3417 235 485
Spain 27194 300 25543 1606 1485 281 2872 691 88 254 1946 23 53 7845 70181 56151 3985 10045
Sweden 18057 1117 17933 197 1952 61 1550 128 14 40 478 7 1306 42840 39263 1753 1824
Switzerland 2279 101 1955 207 137 37 237 44 6 25 126 6 4 783 5947 4685 328 934
United Kingdom 8284 947 30267 5691 1319 111 4029 152 57 144 634 24 5 4127 55791 46532 4354 4905
Total for all countries 333223 35527 298586 21242 21215 4666 42242 2822 836 2481 19546 769 202 72520 855877 710562 50768 94547
Total EU 327219 35299 292181 20895 20955 4585 41395 2763 827 2395 19282 760 198 71000 839754 697309 49768 92677
Total EFTA 6004 228 6405 347 260 81 847 59 9 86 264 9 4 1520 16123 13253 1000 1870
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.

The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.