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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Overall statistics for establishment

The statistics show the number of decisions taken on recognition of professional qualifications for the purpose of permanent establishment within the EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.

These statistics below cover decisions taken for all professions.
The type of decisions is indicated in the columns. The country where the qualification was obtained is indicated in the rows.

By default, the decisions taken by all host countries for all levels of directive and for all periods* are shown. It is also possible to filter statistics by period, by recognition regime, country and by generic profession.

*2005-2006 statistics (automatic recognition only) for "Sectoral professions" are available separately on the "Geography of mobility" page of each sectoral profession.

   
   
       

Decisions taken by host countries

The graph is based on the following criteria

Period from: All
Period to: All
Recognition regime: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All
Country of origin (qualification obtained in) (+)
Positive Automatic Sectoral Professions
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(+)
Automatic recognition of professional experience ('crafts')
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(+)
Positive Automatic General System (no compensation measures imposed)
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(+)
Positive after aptitude test (general system)
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(+)
Positive after adaptation period (general system)
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(-)
Negative Automatic Sectoral professions
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(-)
Negative Automatic General System and professional experience ('crafts')
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(-)
Negative after aptitude test (general system)
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(-)
Negative after adaptation period (general system)
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(0)
Appeal
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(0)
Undergoing adaptation period
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(+)
Positive partial access
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(-)
Negative partial access
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(0)
Being examined
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Decisions taken by host country (+)
Total positive
(-)
Total negative
(0)
Total neutral
Austria 7959 212 5354 732 420 60 524 112 9 32 258 2 2422 18096 14679 705 2712
Belgium 16498 378 12342 1147 1722 400 1473 338 43 153 1227 338 2 3160 39221 32425 2256 4540
Bulgaria 6058 418 4652 348 607 268 1194 48 24 249 700 29 9 2633 17237 12112 1543 3582
Croatia 1863 36 2094 268 346 46 366 9 7 15 162 7 4 1018 6241 4614 432 1195
Cyprus 577 3 429 26 13 4 164 6 2 3 37 1 3 147 1415 1049 179 187
Czech Republic 5770 375 4700 210 366 75 495 16 17 88 297 7 1 1112 13529 11428 604 1497
Denmark 14312 722 10137 192 575 72 1212 16 18 47 809 6 952 29070 25938 1324 1808
Estonia 2970 55 2284 136 135 11 444 6 1 18 118 489 6667 5580 462 625
Finland 3432 52 3333 64 109 23 416 4 5 49 56 620 8163 6990 448 725
France 24438 2648 11615 1687 1477 148 2018 365 40 65 1144 169 5 6119 51938 42034 2576 7328
Germany 49381 3403 29296 1715 3484 367 3228 116 49 186 1948 55 4 7568 100800 87334 3764 9702
Greece 12872 424 27353 446 415 169 3932 66 27 40 430 40 18 3148 49380 41550 4212 3618
Hungary 12584 435 7532 308 512 161 899 29 21 169 711 29 25 2130 25545 21400 1135 3010
Iceland 1748 98 2000 17 60 3 208 6 16 70 152 4378 3923 217 238
Ireland 6140 366 11209 1494 347 42 1985 54 37 64 382 1 16 1227 23364 19557 2134 1673
Italy 31053 794 10312 826 1114 227 2084 114 55 260 1372 15 20 5739 53985 44114 2500 7371
Latvia 2389 43 1357 56 80 27 337 4 6 12 171 7 2 471 4962 3932 376 654
Liechtenstein 115 7 83 68 9 5 21 4 1 3 11 28 355 282 31 42
Lithuania 3885 196 4251 144 194 74 1193 13 21 24 247 13 1 1073 11329 8683 1302 1344
Luxembourg 194 288 227 73 9 1 52 21 6 14 93 978 791 74 113
Malta 743 3 668 26 53 5 51 3 2 27 134 1715 1493 59 163
Netherlands 6303 2904 11330 1111 479 48 1038 77 16 61 408 47 4 2766 26592 22174 1183 3235
Norway 1970 23 2553 62 73 39 394 5 2 42 57 4 1 575 5800 4685 441 674
Poland 19715 11888 30405 1300 2109 375 7909 173 154 241 3225 110 50 7634 85288 65527 8661 11100
Portugal 15313 1044 6897 197 585 121 1036 37 13 81 642 14 16 2525 28521 24050 1223 3248
Romania 29460 5848 25560 1104 1972 1449 5821 370 115 455 2000 63 25 12091 86333 64007 7780 14546
Slovakia 11345 1438 6617 717 375 103 1002 29 14 14 883 5 1 1076 23619 20497 1149 1973
Slovenia 1174 47 2046 113 119 40 171 61 3 5 152 2 370 4303 3501 275 527
Spain 28764 314 27868 1702 1546 297 3465 697 90 290 2061 30 99 8706 75929 60224 4648 11057
Sweden 18650 1118 19116 293 1974 61 1589 128 15 56 511 8 1423 44942 41159 1793 1990
Switzerland 2450 111 2113 215 146 40 306 44 7 26 143 6 4 875 6486 5041 401 1044
United Kingdom (archived data) 10314 972 35809 6272 1355 124 4464 160 57 168 712 34 5 4667 65113 54756 4810 5547
Total for all countries 350439 36663 321542 23069 22780 4885 49491 3131 869 2940 20985 1036 321 83143 921294 755529 58697 107068
Total EU 344156 36424 314793 22707 22492 4798 48562 3072 859 2853 20704 1026 316 81513 904275 741598 57607 105070
Total EFTA 6283 239 6749 362 288 87 929 59 10 87 281 10 5 1630 17019 13931 1090 1998
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.

The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.