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Geography of mobility- Temporary mobility

The table below shows the number of declarations introduced and decisions taken (where applicable) by host countries on temporary provision of services for all regulated professions within the EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.

Movement is shown between the country where the professional is legally established (country of qualification– listed in rows) and the host country where the services are provided on a temporary and occasional basis (host country – listed in columns).

It is possible to filter the table to view only the figures for a certain type of decision/ declaration or a given period.

   
   
       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where mobile professionals provided services on temporary and occasional basis.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Country of legal establishment (of the professional) Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS CH Total
Austria (AT) 8 30 2 111 75 1 296 377 28 1 1320 4 25 2 12 72 51 5 16 1 22 1 132 2592
Belgium (BE) 10 1 2 5 105 2 1094 26 5 2199 5 3 912 2 186 77 5 10 1 3 5 54 9 4721
Bulgaria (BG) 50 1 22 10 220 7 11 57 1 5 5 96 1 6 9 14 6 45 65 7 638
Croatia (HR) 253 3 345 3 1 1 1656 8 26 10 168 2 30 1 2507
Cyprus (CY) 3 8 2 1 3 3 3 8 31
Czech Republic (CZ) 2194 8 63 722 4 6 27 36 32 2 729 10 60 16 633 1 179 5 2 24 12 4765
Denmark (DK) 27 6 5 1 2 27 10 1 3 310 4 8 18 9 3 21 47 2 17 521
Estonia (EE) 3 84 4 6 4 4 6 11 12 1 1 10 1 16 4 167
Finland (FI) 5 1 1 169 8 8 6 1 13 1 2 19 4 90 26 6 360
France (FR) 8 274 11 2 50 23 4 60 2 12 1323 1 802 35 91 40 55 5 4 16 203 2706 5727
Germany (DE) 7045 107 113 2 418 2391 7 20 1118 42 91 2039 3 183 1475 2 91 626 101 103 3 18 17 42 137 396 16590
Greece (EL) 8 1 2 3 117 10 11 29 49 6 15 2 90 5 28 6 153 7 542
Hungary (HU) 3433 6 48 19 109 1 13 64 2 44 289 5 5 22 56 84 2 3 14 2 26 25 4272
Ireland (IE) 29 5 70 47 11 2 1 2 43 168 2 2 574 39 995
Italy (IT) 655 40 1 63 4 47 567 553 47 4 36 25 14 13 162 2 57 408 51 124 3 28 14 43 721 1 495 4178
Latvia (LV) 3 1 193 6 1 8 22 2 588 5 8 30 18 58 943
Lithuania (LT) 13 1 2 590 27 3 20 8 97 23 7 1 3 58 5 188 27 3 54 1130
Luxembourg (LU) 4 123 1 279 24 1 9 3 1 1 3 449
Malta (MT) 1 1 5 1 5 6 1 1 18 1 40
Netherlands (NL) 73 518 1 2 1 10 359 2 1 386 152 1 98 40 2 32 54 8 4 11 135 23 1913
Poland (PL) 895 3 78 2 176 4894 19 45 249 1 4 174 8336 5 106 101 43 21 10 4 1 82 453 7 20 15729
Portugal (PT) 109 14 1 4 292 104 10 95 8 67 2 29 79 5 16 998 14 1847
Romania (RO) 167 3 17 3 9 136 1 77 105 19 63 100 36 35 44 39 6 98 48 1006
Slovakia (SK) 4381 1 2 40 1 490 556 1 13 19 19 2 73 10 101 7 5 39 2 242 5 5 9 7 6030
Slovenia (SI) 4959 4 1237 7 124 2 28 2 7 25 6 2256 15 42 2 14 2 3 3 8738
Spain (ES) 43 147 3 51 12 165 3 1 717 80 2 31 88 130 16 1 22 122 559 840 35 1 32 547 15 3663
Sweden (SE) 4 3 1 8 540 1 6 41 11 1 5 95 8 18 9 2 5 1 37 19 815
United Kingdom (archived data) (UK) 82 38 7 19 26 318 2 6 462 64 1 8 1059 405 12 2 14 423 69 12 13 5 3 82 1 2241 5374
Iceland (IS) 33 8 2 2 45
Liechtenstein (LI) 38 2 32 3 1 8 1 1 86
Norway (NO) 240 1 4 6 2 11 6 2 14 2 2 12 24 2 5 333
Switzerland (CH) 199 16 5 8 3 14 245 48 2 383 16 1 8 2 5 1 29 985
Total 24693 1320 22 1804 156 1425 13378 87 69 5667 1547 20 313 1838 21977 90 1023 3823 27 1335 3306 1082 623 209 247 57 704 4505 17 6368 97732
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.

The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.