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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 142 27 17 47 160 96 1 51 109 8243 26 73 64 2003 4 95 9 217 35 22 17 224 262 89 273 1111 18 123 346 3470 17374
Belgium (BE) 122 5 1 15 22 56 1 20 13417 918 37 7 101 377 1 2 4396 11 9574 41 93 20 6 1 369 180 1663 8 147 2414 34025
Bulgaria (BG) 357 795 4 1164 48 295 65 366 3269 375 4 241 1902 1 30 123 266 23 28 14 10 143 365 577 4755 15 657 541 16433
Croatia (HR) 542 62 9 44 1 15 34 2172 1 5 106 230 1 3 7 82 1 4 202 17 310 672 11 634 246 5411
Cyprus (CY) 1 8 3 2 5 20 117 56 2 3 11 6 10 23 17 2 16 1017 19 1 1339
Czech Republic (CZ) 1439 126 65 16 110 81 11 44 133 2522 31 37 269 383 9 1 4 35 115 337 24 11 2858 23 61 424 2214 20 960 642 13005
Denmark (DK) 46 57 4 9 14 99 68 383 6 12 75 127 6 5 62 3 132 27 14 2 3 176 4821 1430 1290 3 18224 131 27229
Estonia (EE) 16 30 27 55 2442 179 141 4 1 48 128 64 17 2 4 44 3 9 327 1547 7 1079 29 6203
Finland (FI) 42 72 9 7 91 77 41 182 1 4 132 59 4 8 4 148 22 2 1 1 86 3077 1244 16 2153 150 7633
France (FR) 111 10003 19 6 151 61 101 7 108 1546 143 6 239 1007 1 4 3679 19 440 139 292 63 18 17 1241 281 4432 39 309 21199 45681
Germany (DE) 17785 2090 171 59 132 546 2633 17 401 1121 1174 157 1024 2427 33 20 3374 47 4146 1135 221 71 54 66 2106 2729 8324 195 23 4267 39153 95701
Greece (EL) 136 869 44 1 23096 17 150 3 78 286 3902 9 229 407 2 10 18 1112 23 8 24 10 9 95 1862 13148 41 2 531 962 47084
Hungary (HU) 3597 334 6 7 440 36 351 148 263 4780 33 787 660 5 47 512 13 14 168 505 24 167 1965 5539 21 2548 1250 24220
Ireland (IE) 33 86 3 26 10 41 22 83 167 8 5 94 4 2 5 25 233 135 9 6 7 400 152 19120 6 1600 63 22345
Italy (IT) 885 2855 34 59 217 112 214 14 92 3140 4295 1506 27 559 4 4 157 353 674 121 183 171 33 208 2228 714 19346 49 2 596 11736 50588
Latvia (LV) 36 67 3 12 11 274 60 70 21 800 1 114 37 23 4 21 84 9 1 1 2 12 480 1026 31 1320 75 4595
Lithuania (LT) 51 169 2 1 17 1 514 27 63 37 917 321 145 110 4 13 86 72 3 1 31 910 2255 108 4508 118 10484
Luxembourg (LU) 16 384 1 1 3 78 186 2 5 22 2 1 22 1 1 5 11 134 5 20 900
Malta (MT) 2 13 1 2 11 1 1 3 14 1 81 25 1 46 1 1 4 25 1328 1 18 13 1593
Netherlands (NL) 484 9588 1 3 18 61 284 2 64 340 5397 32 9 183 273 4 2 86 14 104 83 17 3 16 335 820 3701 124 1647 1247 24942
Poland (PL) 1306 10522 6 14 77 915 3346 1 158 1075 10358 17 16 2187 922 5 120 54 76 1223 28 7 164 22 874 3425 20453 1524 20170 1323 80388
Portugal (PT) 59 2492 2 1 15 140 29 2412 751 2 5 345 340 1 347 13 492 96 4 2 5 1446 358 13558 9 1038 2748 26710
Romania (RO) 1676 10816 131 4 565 25 767 110 3522 10699 468 1677 1186 9613 2 83 92 965 13 60 23 20 1310 2208 24316 36 2263 1943 74593
Slovakia (SK) 5461 164 8 22 73 9459 115 1 18 51 1724 17 206 291 223 2 12 129 174 1 3 41 47 253 2076 46 1619 815 23051
Slovenia (SI) 2043 40 1 161 6 12 13 4 105 362 4 6 24 377 2 2 70 1 4 5 22 93 399 7 119 248 4130
Spain (ES) 255 2637 31 29 11 29 303 5 378 5698 3043 27 13 1257 9447 13 4 35 145 1623 164 2046 56 28 22 1318 37376 55 2126 1723 69897
Sweden (SE) 97 88 2 10 17 3326 10 1411 110 249 53 10 130 125 2 8 15 230 87 11 3 1 3 317 2112 263 33472 257 42419
United Kingdom (UK) 285 613 10 8 14101 245 684 11 518 1257 1747 877 53 20666 2515 16 25 138 232 2245 390 243 451 102 13 1887 1507 160 3840 663 55502
Iceland (IS) 4 7 407 4 8 37 2 2 1 1 33 12 17 897 183 2574 20 4209
Liechtenstein (LI) 100 6 5 11 5 23 5 25 6 21 2 3 1 3 5 105 12 10 348
Norway (NO) 20 24 6 1 2 2 1009 2 76 31 93 4 21 33 2 1 7 3 99 41 4 3 1 1 129 2915 702 181 73 5486
Switzerland (CH) 412 257 4 21 47 50 28 743 1221 14 13 44 1439 2 29 3 164 45 126 14 6 15 122 194 775 4 27 100 5919
Total 37419 55416 574 424 40359 11887 15461 252 6533 34756 70258 4916 2363 30739 35377 288 233 12637 1352 25217 3285 3549 1148 4068 1117 13972 33127 196061 4285 180 108901 93283 849437
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.

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