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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

   
   
       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 165 40 39 48 176 115 1 66 127 8288 26 119 72 2385 4 118 10 317 63 24 21 237 266 102 299 1116 18 123 425 3635 18445
Belgium (BE) 122 8 1 15 25 124 1 32 14998 921 37 9 117 482 1 2 7015 12 12837 41 106 27 10 1 382 209 1715 8 177 2663 42098
Bulgaria (BG) 363 1005 14 1207 56 352 65 390 3278 375 4 281 2079 1 35 167 364 21 34 23 10 145 384 706 4916 15 818 549 17657
Croatia (HR) 549 110 12 80 1 18 36 2181 1 6 317 314 1 5 15 218 1 8 257 18 480 717 11 828 295 6479
Cyprus (CY) 1 16 3 4 9 22 117 56 2 9 15 1 11 13 23 20 2 19 1058 23 2 1426
Czech Republic (CZ) 1446 168 68 16 125 103 12 48 151 2525 31 43 300 635 12 1 4 40 182 300 24 11 3898 23 78 505 2247 20 1070 686 14772
Denmark (DK) 46 78 2 5 10 15 106 82 383 6 13 85 139 7 5 63 3 176 31 14 5 9 194 5294 1448 1290 3 19532 137 29181
Estonia (EE) 17 40 1 2 27 61 2608 180 141 4 1 50 129 65 20 3 4 49 3 13 350 1550 7 1426 29 6780
Finland (FI) 42 93 9 7 117 112 49 182 1 4 186 74 4 1 11 4 198 21 2 3 1 99 3571 1264 16 2445 174 8690
France (FR) 112 12890 53 7 164 68 121 7 126 1549 143 10 300 1248 1 5 7031 21 547 146 369 87 22 18 1418 338 4563 39 369 22464 54236
Germany (DE) 17942 2500 272 90 141 597 2977 18 436 1215 1174 274 1088 2798 40 34 5102 53 4793 1138 261 103 79 66 2202 2996 8403 195 23 4627 40814 102451
Greece (EL) 138 1166 77 1 24147 18 198 5 100 298 3911 11 294 486 2 15 32 1644 23 10 36 10 10 117 2153 13885 41 2 826 995 50651
Hungary (HU) 3634 457 6 19 446 37 422 1 180 274 4804 33 981 879 16 66 672 12 14 212 590 25 181 2194 5666 21 2842 1356 26040
Ireland (IE) 33 170 1 3 32 11 83 1 33 92 167 8 7 131 1 3 7 38 332 147 15 22 12 428 166 19760 6 1673 69 23451
Italy (IT) 887 3814 98 131 225 124 272 15 112 3602 4343 1506 36 1010 5 6 293 486 1038 121 214 245 49 218 2446 857 19748 49 2 717 12448 55117
Latvia (LV) 36 85 3 12 11 331 66 86 24 800 1 131 61 24 12 24 123 9 1 1 2 18 636 1049 31 1533 76 5186
Lithuania (LT) 52 221 4 3 18 1 622 47 80 45 920 377 169 110 10 19 146 69 5 1 35 1128 2310 108 5291 121 11912
Luxembourg (LU) 16 479 1 1 3 7 98 186 2 8 24 5 1 35 1 1 5 10 135 5 20 1043
Malta (MT) 2 16 1 1 2 14 1 1 3 14 1 101 38 1 70 1 2 8 29 1392 1 24 13 1736
Netherlands (NL) 486 11061 3 8 19 67 339 2 71 376 5424 32 12 207 340 6 8 114 16 109 92 20 4 16 363 924 3773 124 1779 1440 27235
Poland (PL) 1309 11028 7 17 80 1271 4386 8 205 1124 10409 17 27 2513 1030 6 152 96 109 1656 34 10 234 22 964 3834 20971 1524 22629 1423 87095
Portugal (PT) 59 3038 3 1 16 166 2 38 2662 757 2 6 590 589 2 627 16 753 96 6 2 5 1670 407 13811 9 1172 2920 29425
Romania (RO) 1702 12737 172 7 580 34 898 140 3930 10738 468 2243 1695 19559 1 185 108 1257 27 81 31 20 1444 2653 24726 36 2754 1982 90208
Slovakia (SK) 5474 180 8 36 76 10178 158 1 26 58 1730 17 268 319 272 2 15 193 160 1 3 41 56 300 2101 46 1795 874 24388
Slovenia (SI) 2047 55 1 280 6 14 18 1 4 126 365 4 11 31 458 6 3 98 5 4 1 5 30 101 404 7 132 269 4486
Spain (ES) 255 3373 44 39 13 42 389 7 487 6498 3070 27 21 1945 11945 14 6 85 169 2321 164 2271 96 52 24 1492 39068 55 2791 1881 78644
Sweden (SE) 97 113 3 1 12 17 3697 17 1556 116 249 53 21 133 143 2 2 9 17 270 89 15 11 1 3 341 2143 263 35691 262 45347
United Kingdom (archived data) (UK) 288 982 40 16 14551 295 858 17 642 1675 1762 877 97 27530 3278 24 80 158 282 3036 471 381 514 172 14 2224 1770 160 4941 757 67892
Iceland (IS) 4 9 480 6 8 37 2 3 1 1 35 17 16 1002 186 2657 20 4484
Liechtenstein (LI) 98 7 2 5 11 5 23 5 25 6 28 2 3 1 3 5 106 12 10 357
Norway (NO) 20 26 6 1 2 2 1213 2 91 42 93 8 23 40 1 1 7 3 118 47 5 4 1 1 133 3260 718 181 78 6127
Switzerland (CH) 418 351 1 5 21 49 59 31 929 1227 14 18 52 1863 2 63 4 205 51 228 21 7 15 130 227 790 4 27 122 6934
Total 37695 66433 922 741 41991 13149 18665 345 7421 39235 70594 4916 3273 40753 51629 309 353 21101 1747 33694 3404 4247 1507 5444 1194 15504 37915 201739 4285 180 121126 98462 949973
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.

The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.