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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

   
   
       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 152 35 17 47 160 104 1 57 115 8288 26 108 71 2187 4 110 9 271 35 22 17 224 266 89 274 1116 18 123 350 3470 17766
Belgium (BE) 122 6 1 15 22 98 1 27 13763 921 37 8 114 427 1 2 5904 11 10904 41 93 25 6 1 355 183 1715 8 151 2414 37376
Bulgaria (BG) 359 880 4 1174 48 337 65 371 3278 375 4 280 1967 1 32 123 294 23 28 19 10 145 365 594 4916 15 708 541 16956
Croatia (HR) 542 81 9 67 1 18 35 2181 1 6 310 279 1 4 7 159 1 4 254 16 331 717 11 697 246 5978
Cyprus (CY) 1 10 3 3 9 20 117 56 2 9 14 6 12 23 17 2 16 1058 20 1 1399
Czech Republic (CZ) 1441 140 68 16 121 98 11 47 137 2525 31 40 299 562 9 1 4 35 152 333 24 11 2858 23 62 428 2247 20 974 642 13359
Denmark (DK) 46 67 1 4 9 14 103 73 383 6 13 83 136 6 5 63 3 162 27 14 4 3 175 4886 1448 1290 3 18396 131 27554
Estonia (EE) 16 31 1 27 57 2542 179 141 4 1 49 128 64 17 3 4 47 3 10 327 1550 7 1097 29 6334
Finland (FI) 42 85 9 7 103 90 45 182 1 4 186 67 4 1 10 4 162 22 2 3 1 90 3100 1264 16 2185 150 7835
France (FR) 111 11028 49 6 155 61 109 7 118 1549 143 8 293 1106 1 4 5751 19 484 139 297 76 18 18 1244 286 4563 39 323 21199 49204
Germany (DE) 17825 2240 263 59 134 546 2796 18 423 1162 1174 221 1073 2615 33 30 4421 47 4424 1132 224 82 54 66 2087 2749 8403 195 23 4331 39153 98003
Greece (EL) 136 1023 76 1 23159 17 173 3 100 289 3911 10 291 457 2 14 18 1356 23 8 28 10 10 99 1874 13885 41 2 569 962 48547
Hungary (HU) 3603 381 6 7 440 36 393 151 274 4804 33 934 732 16 47 574 13 14 185 505 25 169 1974 5666 21 2593 1250 24846
Ireland (IE) 33 109 1 3 26 10 68 30 86 167 8 7 123 4 2 7 25 272 135 9 9 7 403 152 19760 6 1610 63 23135
Italy (IT) 886 3230 80 59 217 112 247 14 105 3323 4346 1506 34 962 4 5 213 353 830 120 191 195 33 218 2296 730 19748 49 2 622 11736 52466
Latvia (LV) 36 72 3 12 11 309 62 74 22 800 1 130 47 24 4 21 94 9 1 1 2 12 485 1049 31 1349 75 4736
Lithuania (LT) 51 184 4 1 17 1 572 40 74 38 920 371 154 110 8 13 129 72 3 1 33 943 2310 108 4612 118 10887
Luxembourg (LU) 16 429 1 1 3 83 186 2 8 24 5 1 22 1 1 5 11 135 5 20 959
Malta (MT) 2 13 1 1 2 13 1 1 3 14 1 100 29 1 59 1 1 5 25 1392 1 19 13 1698
Netherlands (NL) 484 10251 2 3 18 61 313 2 67 349 5424 32 10 203 306 4 6 95 14 104 84 20 3 16 330 832 3773 124 1662 1247 25839
Poland (PL) 1307 10826 7 14 79 915 3793 3 195 1084 10409 17 23 2475 987 5 138 74 76 1411 28 8 164 22 880 3446 20971 1524 20572 1323 82776
Portugal (PT) 59 2718 3 1 15 153 36 2431 757 2 6 552 474 1 427 13 571 96 5 2 5 1595 362 13811 9 1065 2748 27917
Romania (RO) 1677 11635 170 4 568 25 846 130 3590 10738 468 2185 1682 17611 1 147 92 1073 13 63 23 20 1312 2229 24726 36 2430 1943 85437
Slovakia (SK) 5467 168 8 22 73 9459 141 1 25 55 1730 17 268 313 242 2 12 152 174 1 3 41 50 255 2101 46 1675 815 23316
Slovenia (SI) 2045 44 1 161 6 12 16 1 4 116 365 4 10 29 436 2 2 85 1 4 5 23 93 404 7 119 248 4243
Spain (ES) 255 2905 40 29 11 29 351 6 443 5935 3070 27 20 1894 10634 13 6 70 145 1934 164 2135 67 28 24 1333 39068 55 2173 1723 74587
Sweden (SE) 97 101 3 10 17 3498 12 1481 110 249 53 16 132 133 2 9 15 238 87 11 5 1 3 317 2143 263 33683 257 42946
United Kingdom (archived data) (UK) 286 835 34 8 14188 245 759 13 601 1416 1762 877 87 25603 2895 16 57 159 232 2614 404 257 478 102 14 1882 1512 160 3923 663 62082
Iceland (IS) 4 7 437 6 8 37 2 3 1 1 34 12 15 901 186 2564 20 4238
Liechtenstein (LI) 97 6 2 5 11 5 23 5 25 6 23 2 3 1 2 5 106 12 10 349
Norway (NO) 20 25 6 1 2 2 1098 2 84 41 93 6 23 38 2 1 7 3 104 42 5 3 1 1 128 2952 718 181 73 5662
Switzerland (CH) 415 293 1 4 21 47 54 29 855 1227 14 18 50 1659 2 47 3 172 45 126 16 6 15 124 200 790 4 27 106 6370
Total 37481 59969 869 424 40543 11887 17014 289 7056 36013 70597 4916 3117 38527 46495 287 302 17611 1352 28801 3292 3673 1281 4068 1191 14175 33488 201739 4285 180 110595 93283 894800
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.

The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.