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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

   
   
       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 157 35 17 48 160 115 1 57 121 8288 26 106 71 2187 4 111 10 310 34 22 18 224 266 89 274 1116 18 123 417 3635 18060
Belgium (BE) 122 6 1 15 22 124 1 27 13801 921 37 7 114 427 1 2 6015 12 12096 41 93 25 6 1 355 183 1715 8 174 2663 39015
Bulgaria (BG) 360 937 4 1188 48 352 65 376 3278 375 4 280 1967 1 32 156 340 21 28 19 10 145 365 594 4916 15 790 549 17215
Croatia (HR) 546 92 9 80 1 18 35 2181 1 6 312 279 1 4 14 200 1 4 254 16 331 717 11 770 295 6178
Cyprus (CY) 1 14 3 4 9 20 117 56 2 9 14 11 13 23 17 2 16 1058 22 2 1413
Czech Republic (CZ) 1442 151 68 16 120 103 11 47 140 2525 31 40 299 562 9 1 4 40 178 288 24 11 2858 23 62 428 2247 20 1079 686 13513
Denmark (DK) 46 72 1 4 10 14 103 75 383 6 13 83 136 6 5 63 3 175 29 14 4 3 175 4886 1448 1290 3 19828 137 29015
Estonia (EE) 16 34 1 27 61 2547 180 141 4 1 49 128 64 17 3 4 48 3 10 327 1550 7 1380 29 6631
Finland (FI) 42 89 9 7 117 90 47 182 1 4 186 67 4 1 10 4 181 21 2 3 1 90 3100 1264 16 2434 174 8146
France (FR) 112 11901 49 6 158 61 121 7 118 1549 143 8 293 1106 1 4 5957 21 541 143 300 79 18 18 1244 286 4563 39 370 22464 51680
Germany (DE) 17895 2363 263 59 133 546 2977 18 425 1169 1174 219 1079 2615 32 30 4456 53 4744 1130 224 84 54 66 2087 2749 8403 195 23 4560 40814 100639
Greece (EL) 137 1093 76 1 23339 17 198 3 100 290 3911 9 291 457 2 14 28 1596 23 8 29 10 10 99 1874 13885 41 2 813 995 49351
Hungary (HU) 3626 417 6 7 441 36 422 152 274 4804 33 936 732 16 64 659 12 14 187 505 25 169 1974 5666 21 2983 1356 25537
Ireland (IE) 33 161 1 3 32 10 83 33 88 167 8 7 123 1 2 7 37 328 139 9 10 7 403 152 19760 6 1668 69 23347
Italy (IT) 887 3496 80 59 218 112 272 14 105 3408 4343 1506 34 971 4 5 224 457 966 117 192 203 33 218 2296 730 19748 49 2 680 12448 53877
Latvia (LV) 36 77 3 12 11 331 62 78 23 800 1 130 47 24 4 24 113 9 1 1 2 12 485 1049 31 1494 76 4936
Lithuania (LT) 52 194 4 1 17 1 622 40 79 38 920 371 154 108 8 19 140 69 3 1 33 943 2310 108 4926 121 11282
Luxembourg (LU) 16 447 1 1 3 83 186 2 8 24 5 1 22 1 1 5 11 135 5 20 977
Malta (MT) 2 14 1 1 2 14 1 1 3 14 1 100 29 1 69 1 1 5 25 1392 1 22 13 1713
Netherlands (NL) 484 10595 2 3 18 61 339 2 67 359 5424 32 10 203 306 4 6 98 16 107 84 20 3 16 330 832 3773 124 1757 1440 26515
Poland (PL) 1309 10891 7 14 79 915 4386 3 197 1094 10409 17 23 2477 987 5 138 84 107 1593 28 8 164 22 880 3446 20971 1524 21819 1423 85020
Portugal (PT) 59 2857 3 1 15 166 36 2443 757 2 6 553 474 1 475 16 662 96 5 2 5 1595 362 13811 9 1131 2920 28462
Romania (RO) 1701 12022 170 4 572 25 898 131 3603 10738 468 2040 1682 17611 1 166 106 1214 13 63 23 20 1312 2229 24726 36 2674 1982 86230
Slovakia (SK) 5471 173 8 22 74 9459 158 1 25 55 1730 17 260 313 242 2 15 186 160 1 3 41 50 255 2101 46 1862 874 23604
Slovenia (SI) 2046 44 1 161 6 12 18 1 4 122 365 4 9 29 436 5 3 95 1 4 5 23 93 404 7 127 269 4294
Spain (ES) 255 3087 40 29 11 29 389 6 444 5983 3070 27 20 1898 10634 13 6 69 163 2221 164 2147 71 28 24 1333 39068 55 2703 1881 75868
Sweden (SE) 97 106 3 11 17 3697 12 1481 111 249 53 16 132 133 2 9 17 268 88 11 6 1 3 317 2143 263 35317 262 44825
United Kingdom (archived data) (UK) 286 959 34 8 14341 245 858 13 606 1644 1762 877 78 26284 2895 11 57 156 282 3037 450 257 491 102 14 1882 1512 160 4979 757 65037
Iceland (IS) 4 8 480 6 8 37 2 3 1 1 35 16 15 901 186 2630 20 4353
Liechtenstein (LI) 97 6 2 5 11 5 23 5 25 6 28 2 3 1 2 5 106 12 10 354
Norway (NO) 20 25 6 1 2 2 1213 2 84 41 93 6 23 38 1 1 7 3 118 46 5 3 1 1 128 2952 718 181 78 5799
Switzerland (CH) 418 320 1 4 21 47 59 29 875 1227 14 18 50 1659 2 50 4 200 51 126 16 6 15 124 200 790 4 27 121 6478
Total 37618 62802 869 424 40907 11887 18665 289 7085 36514 70594 4916 2948 39234 46495 275 302 18057 1689 32359 3294 3689 1317 4068 1191 14175 33488 201739 4285 180 119547 98462 919364
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.

The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.