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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 139 27 17 46 160 96 1 47 103 7529 26 46 60 1815 4 71 9 192 35 22 16 209 214 87 268 1059 18 123 339 3160 15938
Belgium (BE) 104 5 1 14 22 56 1 17 13093 807 37 6 91 319 1 2 2533 11 8971 36 86 16 4 1 333 174 1578 8 131 2029 30487
Bulgaria (BG) 290 782 4 1105 48 287 61 363 2921 375 3 212 685 1 22 122 226 23 28 13 6 141 341 577 4592 15 612 500 14355
Croatia (HR) 295 57 9 42 1 14 29 1545 1 82 189 7 58 1 4 102 10 305 623 11 597 189 4171
Cyprus (CY) 7 3 1 5 17 108 56 1 3 6 6 2 23 17 2 16 989 19 1281
Czech Republic (CZ) 1199 121 65 16 107 81 3 38 131 2243 31 38 251 274 9 1 3 35 104 333 22 10 2220 20 58 421 2050 20 882 599 11385
Denmark (DK) 33 57 4 9 14 95 68 374 6 5 70 93 6 5 59 3 97 25 12 2 1 154 4793 1381 1290 3 16895 127 25681
Estonia (EE) 14 29 3 55 2301 179 138 4 1 46 115 64 17 4 33 3 9 319 1538 7 1058 28 5965
Finland (FI) 34 72 9 7 91 64 41 176 1 2 130 51 4 6 4 129 22 1 1 74 3063 1167 16 1997 137 7299
France (FR) 104 9806 19 6 147 61 95 7 103 1405 143 6 216 839 1 3 1831 19 361 136 252 61 11 15 1119 279 4256 39 291 18000 39631
Germany (DE) 15185 2073 171 59 128 546 2593 17 381 1107 1174 119 985 2217 33 18 2365 47 3964 1081 206 63 38 63 2012 2717 8090 195 23 4124 36242 88036
Greece (EL) 97 840 44 1 22594 17 145 3 73 278 3401 7 195 362 2 3 18 943 23 8 23 9 9 83 1817 12561 41 2 481 905 44985
Hungary (HU) 2959 320 6 7 434 36 351 140 258 4116 33 667 590 3 47 456 12 12 164 411 23 141 1957 5344 21 2228 1081 21817
Ireland (IE) 27 83 3 26 10 38 20 80 164 8 5 60 4 1 4 25 201 130 6 6 6 384 138 18331 6 1591 59 21416
Italy (IT) 726 2804 34 59 210 112 208 13 86 3071 3560 1506 24 469 4 4 35 353 588 117 169 159 30 196 2003 706 18383 49 2 541 10452 46673
Latvia (LV) 30 66 3 11 11 271 50 65 20 653 1 103 33 22 21 73 8 1 1 1 10 477 992 31 1222 70 4246
Lithuania (LT) 36 162 2 1 15 1 513 16 58 37 803 269 130 110 13 71 70 2 1 29 880 2169 108 4332 113 9941
Luxembourg (LU) 13 375 1 1 3 73 177 2 4 22 2 1 12 1 1 5 9 127 5 20 854
Malta (MT) 2 13 1 2 11 1 3 14 1 77 23 33 1 1 4 25 1198 1 13 13 1437
Netherlands (NL) 413 9306 1 3 18 61 275 2 60 337 5019 32 7 169 249 4 49 14 100 81 15 2 16 300 810 3537 124 1574 1038 23616
Poland (PL) 1161 10495 6 14 73 915 3119 1 143 1064 9284 17 16 2002 845 5 118 19 75 1062 25 7 127 15 832 3339 19702 1524 19356 1145 76506
Portugal (PT) 43 2476 2 1 15 134 29 2394 670 2 5 295 248 1 66 12 457 95 4 2 2 1188 357 13153 9 997 2485 25142
Romania (RO) 1061 10704 131 4 522 25 743 97 3490 8905 468 1337 1011 8759 2 15 91 874 11 52 20 20 1185 2197 19453 36 2090 1777 65080
Slovakia (SK) 4835 155 8 22 72 9459 115 13 51 1559 17 159 270 198 2 12 108 168 1 3 35 41 249 1999 46 1462 747 21806
Slovenia (SI) 1486 37 1 161 5 12 13 4 105 296 4 4 21 334 1 2 33 1 4 3 20 90 375 7 111 202 3332
Spain (ES) 218 2546 31 29 11 29 278 5 311 5612 2605 27 11 957 8139 13 12 145 1430 154 1858 47 26 22 1307 36615 55 1817 1521 65831
Sweden (SE) 81 88 2 10 17 3311 8 1212 109 237 53 7 126 112 2 8 15 199 87 9 2 1 2 283 2059 263 32573 248 41124
United Kingdom (UK) 234 593 10 8 13949 245 654 10 445 1242 1579 877 37 18455 2225 16 19 76 232 1802 327 180 440 66 11 1650 1468 160 3621 602 51233
Iceland (IS) 4 7 403 4 8 34 2 2 1 1 27 7 13 895 182 2543 19 4152
Liechtenstein (LI) 99 6 5 5 5 23 5 25 6 20 2 3 1 3 5 104 12 9 338
Norway (NO) 16 19 6 1 2 2 989 1 69 31 84 2 21 30 2 1 6 3 85 28 4 2 1 1 108 2872 690 181 68 5325
Switzerland (CH) 323 245 4 20 47 49 27 726 1089 14 13 39 1326 2 3 3 144 41 69 9 5 14 114 192 695 4 27 98 5342
Total 31122 54483 574 424 39543 11887 15025 203 5924 34125 61518 4916 1863 27303 30314 288 213 7199 1348 22745 3096 3129 1085 3203 924 12595 32722 184992 4285 180 103612 83585 784425
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals,contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.