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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 148 27 17 47 160 104 1 53 109 8243 26 73 64 2003 4 95 9 217 35 22 17 224 262 89 274 1111 18 123 350 3470 17395
Belgium (BE) 122 5 1 15 22 98 1 20 13417 918 37 7 101 377 1 2 4396 11 9574 41 93 20 6 1 355 182 1663 8 151 2414 34059
Bulgaria (BG) 358 855 4 1167 48 337 65 366 3269 375 4 241 1902 1 30 123 266 23 28 14 10 143 365 582 4755 15 708 541 16595
Croatia (HR) 542 73 9 67 1 15 34 2172 1 5 106 230 1 3 7 82 1 4 210 16 313 672 11 697 246 5518
Cyprus (CY) 1 8 3 3 5 20 117 56 2 3 11 6 10 23 17 2 16 1017 20 1 1341
Czech Republic (CZ) 1439 136 65 16 117 98 11 46 133 2522 31 37 269 383 9 1 4 35 115 337 24 11 2858 23 62 424 2214 20 974 642 13056
Denmark (DK) 46 64 4 9 14 99 68 383 6 12 75 127 6 5 62 3 132 27 14 3 3 175 4840 1430 1290 3 18414 131 27445
Estonia (EE) 16 30 27 57 2450 179 141 4 1 48 128 64 17 2 4 44 3 10 327 1547 7 1097 29 6232
Finland (FI) 42 75 9 7 103 77 41 182 1 4 132 59 4 8 4 148 22 2 1 1 90 3087 1244 16 2185 150 7694
France (FR) 111 10589 19 6 151 61 109 7 108 1546 143 6 239 1007 1 4 3642 19 440 139 292 63 18 17 1244 283 4432 39 323 21199 46257
Germany (DE) 17805 2186 171 59 132 546 2796 17 403 1121 1174 157 1024 2427 33 20 3374 47 4146 1135 221 72 54 66 2087 2730 8324 195 23 4342 39153 96040
Greece (EL) 136 959 44 1 23104 17 173 3 78 286 3902 9 229 407 2 10 18 1112 23 8 24 10 10 99 1866 13148 41 2 569 962 47252
Hungary (HU) 3601 366 6 7 440 36 393 148 263 4780 33 787 660 5 47 512 13 14 172 505 24 169 1965 5539 21 2593 1250 24349
Ireland (IE) 33 95 3 26 10 68 22 83 167 8 5 94 4 2 5 25 233 135 9 6 7 403 152 19120 6 1610 63 22394
Italy (IT) 886 3154 34 59 217 112 247 14 96 3140 4295 1506 27 559 4 4 157 353 674 121 183 184 33 210 2296 716 19346 49 2 622 11736 51036
Latvia (LV) 36 70 3 12 11 309 60 72 21 800 1 114 37 23 4 21 84 9 1 1 2 12 481 1026 31 1349 75 4665
Lithuania (LT) 51 183 2 1 17 1 572 27 64 37 917 321 145 110 4 13 86 72 3 1 33 914 2255 108 4612 118 10667
Luxembourg (LU) 16 387 1 1 3 78 186 2 5 22 2 1 22 1 1 5 11 134 5 20 903
Malta (MT) 2 13 1 2 13 1 1 3 14 1 81 25 1 46 1 1 5 25 1328 1 19 13 1597
Netherlands (NL) 484 9947 1 3 18 61 313 2 66 340 5397 32 9 183 273 4 2 86 14 104 83 17 3 16 330 822 3701 124 1662 1247 25344
Poland (PL) 1307 10591 6 14 77 915 3793 1 160 1075 10358 17 16 2187 922 5 120 54 76 1223 28 7 164 22 880 3429 20453 1524 20572 1323 81319
Portugal (PT) 59 2647 2 1 15 153 29 2412 751 2 5 345 340 1 347 13 492 96 4 2 5 1595 359 13558 9 1065 2748 27055
Romania (RO) 1676 11398 131 4 565 25 846 110 3522 10699 468 1677 1186 9613 2 83 92 965 13 60 23 20 1312 2210 24316 36 2430 1943 75425
Slovakia (SK) 5464 168 8 22 73 9459 141 1 18 51 1724 17 206 291 223 2 12 129 174 1 3 41 50 253 2076 46 1675 815 23143
Slovenia (SI) 2044 41 1 161 6 12 16 4 105 362 4 6 24 377 2 2 70 1 4 5 23 93 399 7 120 248 4137
Spain (ES) 255 2820 31 29 11 29 351 5 379 5698 3043 27 13 1257 9447 13 4 35 145 1623 164 2046 58 28 22 1321 37376 55 2173 1723 70181
Sweden (SE) 97 89 2 10 17 3498 10 1432 110 249 53 10 130 125 2 8 15 230 87 11 3 1 3 317 2112 263 33699 257 42840
United Kingdom (UK) 285 651 10 8 14101 245 759 11 527 1257 1747 877 53 20666 2515 16 25 139 232 2245 390 243 457 102 13 1882 1508 160 3923 663 55710
Iceland (IS) 4 7 437 4 8 37 2 2 1 1 33 12 15 898 183 2584 20 4248
Liechtenstein (LI) 100 6 5 11 5 23 5 25 6 21 2 3 1 2 5 105 12 10 347
Norway (NO) 20 25 6 1 2 2 1098 2 81 31 93 4 21 33 2 1 7 3 99 41 4 3 1 1 128 2916 702 181 73 5581
Switzerland (CH) 415 269 4 21 47 54 28 743 1221 14 13 44 1439 2 29 3 164 45 126 14 6 15 124 195 775 4 27 106 5947
Total 37453 58050 574 424 40377 11887 17014 252 6594 34756 70258 4916 2363 30739 35377 288 233 12601 1352 25217 3285 3549 1175 4068 1128 14175 33197 196061 4285 180 110661 93283 855772
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.

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