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Regulated profession

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Trabajador Social (Spain)

  • Generic name of profession

    Social worker
  • Identification

    Name of regulated profession:
    Trabajador Social
    Social worker (EN)
    Assistant de Service Social (FR)
    Sozialarbeiter (DE)
    Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla-La Mancha
  • Legal information

    Legal basis for regulation

    EU Law :
    National legislation:

    The Law which reserves the professional title is Law 10/1982 of April 13th, 1982, creating the Professional Bodies of Graduates in Social Work. The Order of 28th March 1995 develops the Royal Decree 1665/1991, of 25th October, regulating the general system of recognition of professional qualifications of advanced studies in Member sttes of European Community, requering a minimum of 3 years, with regard to the profession of Diplomate in Social Work. The Spanish Constitution confers exclusive jurisdiction on social services (art. 148.1.20) to the Autonomous Communities whose Statutes of Autonomy provide the legal framework that guarantees the rights of citizens within the relevant areas. Social Services legislation has been passed in all the Autonomous Communities, with special reference to the figure of the social worker as a professional reference in Social Services, in the following Autonomous Laws: Madrid: Law 11/2003 of March 27, 2003; Catalonia: Law 12/2007 of October 11, 2007; Galicia: Law 13/2008 of December 3, 2008; Pais Vasco: Law 12/2008 of December 5, 2008; La Rioja: Law 7/2009 of 22 December 2009;  Castilla La Mancha: Law 14/2010 of December 16, 2010; Extremadura: Law 14/2015 of April 9, 2015.

    Useful link:


    Type of regulation :


    Recognition under:
    DIRECTIVE 2005/36/EC
    Additional information :

    NOTE: There are reserved activities in the regional legislation of the Autonomous Communities.

    Recognition under Directive 2005/36/EC:
    General system of recognition - primary application
    Qualification level:
    PS3 - Diploma of post-secondary level (3-4 years) , Art. 11 d
    Prior check of qualifications under article 7(4):
    Prior check of qualifications only for individual professionals not benefiting from automatic recognition:
  • Activities

    Description of activities:

    El trabajador social opera como agente de acceso de los ciudadanos al sistema de Servicios Sociales y atención especializada, ya que deriva a otros profesionales previa evaluación y diseño de la intervención,  utilizando los instrumentos técnicos propios de los Servicios Sociales: ficha social, historia social y emisión de informes sociales. También tiene responsabilidad de coordinación de los procedimientos en materia de Servicios Sociales. Los campos específicos de actuación de los trabajadores sociales son: infancia y adolescencia, familias, adopción nacional e internacional, mayores, drogodependencias, salud mental, inmigración, refugiados, mujer e igualdad de oportunidades, violencia de género, personas con discapacidad, personas en situación de dependencia, personas sin hogar, instituciones penitenciarias, sistema educativo, ayudas de emergencia, rentas mínimas, ayuda sociosanitaria, intervención como peritos sociales en asuntos judiciales, empresas, entre otros.


    The social worker operates as an agent of citizens' access to the System of Social Services and specialized care, as he refers them to other professionals after his/her assessment and intervention design, using the technical tools of Social Services: social tab, social history and social  work assessment. The social worker is also responsible for coordinating procedures on Social Services' matters. The specific fields of action of social workers are children and adolescents, families, national and international adoption, senior citizens, drug addiction, immigration, refugees, women and equal opportunities, gender violence, people with mental and physical disabilities and health-dependent people, homelessness, prisons, educational system, emergency assistance, minimum income, intervention as social experts in judicial matters, companies, among others.

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