Saxony-Anhalt is one of the eastern German federal states. The region faced substantial political and economic transformation since the 1990s and is characterised by fragile economic structures and a comparatively high dependence on large industrial companies that – frequently not headquartered in the region – have their research facilities elsewhere. Further, the region is characterised by intra-regional disparities: Economic activities are largely concentrated in a limited number of cities, while other parts are sparsely populated and dominated by agricultural activities.
Economic activity in Saxony-Anhalt remains strongly characterised by the chemical industry, as well as mining, machine building, food industries, public services, transport, logistics and agriculture. Nonetheless, new fields were developed, mainly in automotive, biotechnology, medical technologies, information and communication technologies, and renewable energies (particularly wind energy, photovoltaic).