The development planning of the programming period 2014-2020 is heavily based on the national and regional Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3). Since RIS3s constitute integrated and region specific economic agendas that have been produced based on the methodology of entrepreneurial discovery in order to ensure the involvement of all interested stakeholders, they focus policy support and investments on key regional strengths, priorities, challenges and needs, creating thus regional competitive advantages and potential for excellence, they support innovation and attract private investments and they ensure correct and timely monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.
Regarding the design of the new programming period for the region of Kriti in particular, it aims to address effectively the regional weaknesses, including the discontinuities in the production process, and to enhance the strengths of the regional economy. The main objective is to create the required conditions for the reorientation of the local economy, the exit from the crisis and the integration into a path of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
The implementation of regional Smart Specialisation Strategy will be applied on selected areas where the region has a strong comparative advantage and on other emerging sectors that appear to have potential based on the entrepreneurial discovery process. The two traditional pillars of the regional economy are food processing and tourism, while areas such as energy, environment and cluster of knowledge constitute emerging sectors, which are supported by the prestigious research and academic institutions in Kriti.
The aim of the strategy therefore is to create four integrated production complexes by strengthening links between sectors and to upgrade technologies used in the production processes of the regional economy specialisation areas. Central focus has been given in the strengthening of clusters and the strengthening of links between the following development priorities:
In order to meet the above priorites, certain indicative actions are proposed:
Regarding the governance system of the regional research and innovation strategy, it combines existing regional structures with new ones in order to strengthen the involvement of key partners while avoiding complexity and bureaucracy. The governance structure includes two levels:
- Policy Making level: Policy development and decision-making
- Executional level: Documentation, monitoring and coordination of the policy implementation
- Policy Making Level
This level includes the administrative bodies of the region that are responsible for policy development on research and innovation and for decision making / validation in these areas. These are the Regional Governor and the Regional Council. The Regional Scientific Research and Innovation Council (RSRIC) of Kriti offers counselling assist to the aforementioned bodies.
The RSRIC was established according to the provisions of L.4310/2014 by decision of the Regional Governor of Kriti in order to provide support to the Region
and the General Secretariat For Research and Technology
(GSRT) for the implementation of the National Strategy for Research, Technological Development and Innovation (NSRTDI) and its counterpart at a regional level. It consists of seven (7) members, three of whom are professors or researchers, representatives of public research institutions of the region and the remaining members come from local authorities, productive institutions and the entrepreneurial world. Support is provided by recommendations to the Regional Governor and the GSRT
for encouraging and supporting the development of RTDI in the region, the creation of regional clusters of research organisations, technological institutions, enterprises, other actors and regional authorities, aiming at promoting innovation and entrepreneurship, encouraging the development of PPPs and creating conditions and opportunities for the successful participation of regional organisations in national and European research projects.
- Executional Level
This level includes the monitoring of the implementation of RIS of Kriti and the coordination of the entrepreneurial discovery procedure in the four innovation platforms. In particular, it includes the following procedure:
The aforementioned body is supported by four innovation platforms, one per sectoral RIS priority, which promote the entrepreneurial discovery procedure under a common methodology. The innovation platforms may be based in other institutions that are not related to the Region and have the expertise and the will to undertake the responsibility for the coordination of the platforms. The role of the Platform Coordinator is crucial for the successful development of the entrepreneurial discovery procedure in each priority sector. The innovation platforms collaborate and mobilise their knowledge actors, entrepreneurs, collaborative schemes, banks etc. In addition, they submit recommendations / proposals to the Coordinator of RIS in an effort to promote the successfully advancement of the specialisation procedure. Moreover, they submit proposals for the redefinition of directions and priorities. They act together with thematic networks and the Nnational innovation platforms. The independent office and the four platforms may be supported by experts in the context of Technical Assistance ROP of Kriti 2014-2020