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UEFISCDI is a public institution subordinated to the Ministry of National Education (MEN), but also, functionally, to MEN Consultative Councils (National Council for Higher Education Funding, National Council for Scientific Research, Consultative Board for Research, Development and Innovation and National Council for Ethics). UEFISCDI was created in 2010 with the mission to centralise the funding and coordination activities of higher education, research, technology development and innovation. This centralisation reflects a change in the Romanian RDI system, i.e. separation of the RDI policy-making and performance evaluation functions, retained by the Ministry of National Education, from the implementation functions, delegated to UEFISCDI and some consultative councils.
In the RDI area, UEFISCDI managed five programmes of the 2007-2013 National RDI Plan: ”Human Resources”, ”Ideas”, ”Capacities”, ”Partnerships in Priority Domains”, and ”Innovation”, which are coordinated by the National Council for Scientific Research (the first three programmes), and the National Council for Development and Innovation (the last two programmes). UEFISCDI has been part of the consortium managing the process of formulating the 2014-2020 National Strategy for Research & Development and Innovation.
In the higher education area, UEFISCDI performs several functions, such as: