European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Zuid-Holland

Introduction

Zuid-Holland is one of the most populous and industrialised areas in the world. It is located in the western part of the Netherlands. The area of Zuid-Holland is 2,814 km2 (8.4 per cent of the total surface of the Netherlands), the seventh largest province of the Netherlands. The number of inhabitants is 3.709.139 (21.5 per cent of the total population of the Netherlands), which makes Zuid-Holland the most populous province of the Netherlands (Eurostat, 2020). The region of The Hague stands out because it is the provincial capital, the King’s official place of residence as well as the seat of national government, and therefore the Dutch national political centre. The Hague has 545,838 inhabitants, but is not the most populous city of the region. That is Rotterdam, with 651,157 citizens in 2020. Other large cities are Zoetermeer (125,285 citizens), Leiden (125,099 citizens) and Dordrecht (119,284) (CBS, 2020).

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